April 12, 2005
Swimming pools closed. Businesses were quarantined. Hospitals transported infected patients in special ambulances. Worried citizens avoided crowds by staying away from buses and theaters. That's how Maryland, and much of America, coped with the polio epidemics that swept through the country in the 1950s. "Your parents would tell you, don't get overly tired and don't get too close to crowds. Then the summer would come and they'd close the pools and that would be it," said Richard Holland, 72, who grew up in Catonsville and graduated from Baltimore Polytechnic Institute in 1951.
June 24, 1997
North American Vaccine Inc. said yesterday that it is seeking Food and Drug Administration approval to start human clinical trials on a vaccine that combines in one injection the company's new vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis with a polio vaccine.The polio vaccine is made with inactivated polio virus, which is considered safer than the live polio predominantly used in oral vaccines.Beltsville-based North American, which is developing vaccines for infectious diseases, said the small-scale trial would seek to establish that the vaccine has no adverse side effects in infants and children.
June 28, 1995
Dr. Jonas Edward Salk, inventor of the vaccine that freed millions from the terror of polio, won the undying gratitude of the American people but the scorn of fellow scientists who envied his discovery and the celebrity it brought him.Some of Dr. Salk's contemporaries -- including the late Dr. Albert Sabin, whose oral vaccine eventually supplanted the injections developed by Dr. Salk -- were so infuriated by his success they refused to believe his vaccine...
April 20, 2008
Lions, tigers and elephants, oh my! Treating zoo, farm and domesticated animals is a practice for the chairman of the Maryland Republican Party, Dr. Jim Pelura. "Veterinary medicine is my first love," says Pelura, who founded the Davidsonville Veterinary Clinic in 1983. But he adds, "I've always been concerned about what power politicians have over us." "His Holiness: John Paul II and the History of Our Time" / by Carl Bernstein and Marco Politi The book is extremely powerful and shows that your religion does not have to be compromised with the laws of government.
December 4, 2000
Mutated polio vaccine infects three in Haiti, Dominican Republic SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic - A mutated polio vaccine has infected at least three people in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, causing the first outbreak of the disease in the Western Hemisphere since 1991, the Pan American Health Organization said. The outbreak "has raised serious concerns" because it has been traced to the same oral vaccine that experts have used to eliminate the disease in many countries, said a statement released Saturday by the organization, which is a part of the Washington-based Organization of American States.
June 5, 1993
To those who lived through them, the '50s were about as thrilling as a pot roast.Surviving tract homes in a tranquilized haze, eating TV dinners while watching "I Love Lucy," we were basically too busy conforming to society to recognize that brave new social experiments were happening all around -- and that we were the guinea pigs.The '50s, however, have been resurrected as a rich source of social research by historians, critics and journalists.With works such as David Halberstam's "The Fifties," Stephanie Coontz's "The Way We Never Were" and Brett Harvey's "The Fifties: A Women's Oral History," we can now cite this formative decade when tracing our collective neuroses, afflictions, icons, hopes and dreams.