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By Michael Hill and Michael Hill,SUN STAFF | March 3, 2002
IT WAS in February 1986, a few weeks after the space shuttle Challenger blew up, that Jonas Savimbi visited Washington. Because of the disaster, President Ronald Reagan was seeing few people, but he found a spot on his schedule for Savimbi, leader of the rebel group fighting against the Marxist post-colonial rulers of the southern African country of Angola. Along with others promoted as heroes in anti-communist liberation struggles - contras from Nicaragua, mujahedin from Afghanistan - Savimbi was feted by the Conservative Political Action Committee in a Washington hotel ballroom.
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By Michael Hill and Michael Hill,SUN STAFF | March 3, 2002
IT WAS in February 1986, a few weeks after the space shuttle Challenger blew up, that Jonas Savimbi visited Washington. Because of the disaster, President Ronald Reagan was seeing few people, but he found a spot on his schedule for Savimbi, leader of the rebel group fighting against the Marxist post-colonial rulers of the southern African country of Angola. Along with others promoted as heroes in anti-communist liberation struggles - contras from Nicaragua, mujahedin from Afghanistan - Savimbi was feted by the Conservative Political Action Committee in a Washington hotel ballroom.
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NEWS
December 15, 1990
The winds of Eastern Europe are sweeping East Africa. The ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola has resolved to end its Marxist monopoly on power and introduce multi-party democracy. This will meet the condition of the U.S.-backed rebel leader, Jonas Savimbi, for a cease-fire in the 15-year-old civil war.Mr. Savimbi, after meetings this week with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze and President Bush, said a cease-fire was near and elections likely next year. Score another gain for the partnership that the U.S. and U.S.S.
NEWS
By WILLIAM MINTER | April 15, 1993
Washington. -- Zaire and Angola, neighboring central African countries with a combined population of about 50 million, are spiraling downward toward humanitarian crises exceeding Somalia in scale.The primary culprits are two former U.S. clients resisting the new era of African democratization.How the United States deals with Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi of Angola will be critical tests for the credibility of the Clinton administration's Africa policy.Failure will send a clear signal that it is the gun, not the vote, that counts.
NEWS
June 3, 1993
The Clinton administration's recognition of the Angolan government of Jose Eduardo dos Santos may be correct policy but it is not shutting down that country's long civil war. After Angolan independence in 1976, Washington shunned the Luanda regime because it was Communist, unelected, not in control of all territory and dependent on Cuban troops. Ironically, Cuban troops defended American oil installations from the depredations of U.S-backed UNITA guerrillas.Not much of this Cold War rationale was left after the Bush administration and the Gorbachev Kremlin put down their hatchets and the formerly Communist government of Mr. dos Santos won an election over a strong showing by the U.S.-backed UNITA of Jonas Savimbi.
NEWS
By New York Times News Service | October 15, 1992
LUANDA, Angola -- Angola's government and the main opposition group have begun indirect talks in an effort to avert a return to civil war over the disputed elections held last month. But the two sides appeared to be far apart.The talks are being mediated by South African Foreign Minister Roelof F. Botha, who has been trying to steer the two main antagonists, President Jose Eduardo dos Santos and Jonas Savimbi of the opposition UNITA, into face-to-face negotiations.Mr. Botha's role in Angola's political imbroglio has become crucial because Mr. Savimbi has refused to meet with senior officials from the United States, Mr. Savimbi's biggest backer during UNITA's 16-year insurgency against the leftist government.
NEWS
By The News and Courier, Charleston, S.C | May 17, 1991
JONAS SAVIMBI is one of the few guerrillas who truly deserves the title of "freedom fighter." Savimbi did not take up arms to seize power, but to oppose a one-party state so that free elections could be held in Angola.The approval . . . of legislation establishing a multiparty system in the southern African country vindicates Savimbi and his UNITA rebels. The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola and Savimbi's National Union for the Total Independence of Angola are scheduled to approve the agreement to establish a democratic system of government within a few days of a May 15 cease-fire.
NEWS
By GERALD J. BENDER | April 12, 1992
The Bush administration has taken steps in Angola to expunge one of the last vestiges of Cold War thinking from its foreign policy. Secretary of State James A. Baker III wrote to Jonas Savimbi, leader of the Angolan opposition movement UNITA, which has been U.S.-supported for years, demanding an explanation for charges of human rights violations and murder. That action moved the United States, for the first time in three decades of covert intervention in Angola, into a position of neutrality.
NEWS
November 11, 1992
The international donor community acting through the IMF and World Bank can force African dictators to declare multi-party elections, but can't make them lose. Foreign pressure cannot make the playing field level. It cannot ensure that the election will even be held.President Daniel arap Moi of Kenya gave in to long and strong pressure from the United States and other donors, who withheld aid until he declared political parties legal, last December. With three quarreling opposition parties in place, he has dissolved parliament and scheduled an election for Dec. 7. If enough foreign observers pile in, the contest may be roughly fair.
NEWS
November 23, 1994
A distressing belt of ungovernability across Equatorial Africa (Somalia, Rwanda, Zaire) is met by a momentum toward peace and progress in southern Africa. In addition to the transition to majority rule in South Africa, recent agreements ending 19 years of dreadful civil war in Angola and Mozambique promise reconstruction. One of them even seems to be working.The two large former colonies of Portugal on the east and west coasts seem almost twins, though Mozambique has more people (17 million to 11 million)
NEWS
February 27, 2002
JONAS SAVIMBI was a survivor. He outlasted Cold War rivalries and apartheid South Africa, which financed his long struggle to topple Angola's Marxist government. After outside support dried up, he kept the war going by mining some of the world's finest diamonds. His slaying last week, at the age of 67, may finally bring a chance for peace in that southwest African country. This is why timing was so opportune for this week's meeting between President Bush and Angola's President Jose Eduardo dos Santos.
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