December 30, 2007
Notes Bloody histories: For Marylanders interested in learning more about the important role their state played in the Civil War, there is no better place to start than reading books assessing the bloody Battle of Antietam. Fought on Sept. 17, 1862, along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, it was the war's first major battle to take place on Northern soil and was the bloodiest single-day struggle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. Union forces fought the Confederate invaders to a standstill, but gave President Abraham Lincoln the confidence to announce his Emancipation Proclamation, laying out plans to free all slaves in Confederate states.
September 8, 2002
"A.P. Hill is coming!" This was the rallying cry of Gen. Robert E. Lee's desperately pressed forces of the right flank at the Battle of Antietam. Only three days earlier, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Powell Hill had been assigned to rear guard garrison duty at Harper's Ferry, which was then in Virginia. But now he was a Confederate hero, having marched his men at a killing pace of 17 miles in eight hours to prevent a Union breakthrough of Lee's forces at Sharpsburg. Under heavy fire, Hill saved Lee's army from annihilation.
September 7, 2002
As Americans turn their thoughts toward remembering the victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, the Maryland Historical Society opened a poignant exhibit the other day recalling an earlier traumatic event in the nation's history. Remembering Antietam: John Philemon Smith's Shadowbox tells the story of the Battle of Antietam, where 23,000 Union and Confederate troops were either killed or wounded, on another September day, making it the bloodiest 24 hours of the Civil War. The great clash came at Sharpsburg, a small Western Maryland village, when 87,000 federal troops under the command of Gen. George B. McClellan met the Army of Northern Virginia, some 40,000 strong, under the command of Gen. Robert E. Lee. On the evening before the battle, Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, sensing the urgency of the coming battle, said: "We are through for tonight, but tomorrow we fight the battle that will decide the fate of the Republic."
August 25, 2002
"I could see dimly through the dense sulphurous battle smoke, and a line from Shakespeare's Tempest filtered through my brain: `Hell is empty and all the devils are here.'" Such was the scene, as described by Pvt. Frederick Foard, of the 20th North Carolina Infantry, at Turner's Gap, on South Mountain that Sept. 14, 1862. From the early morning until long after sunset, the fighting there involved skirmishes and repeated attacks, through which neither side could gain a true advantage. The struggle at Turner's Gap, within the larger Battle of South Mountain, resulted in a victory for the Union army, which suffered far fewer casualties than its enemy.
May 28, 2000
25 Years Ago: Local Business Support Needed For Bicentennial: Mt. Airy Commission Actively At Work Planning Celebration - Ideas and Participation Sought. The Mt. Airy Bicentennial Commission has been active for months planning this community's celebration scheduled for June 12 and 13, 1976. While still a year away, the Mt. Airy group is working hard and they are well ahead of most other officially sanctioned communities in formulating their schedule of events. Letters are going out now to local businesses asking for their plans and participation in the Mt Airy celebration.
October 23, 1997
History and fashionImprove your fashion sense while learning the history of the wardrobe at the Philadelphia Museum of Art during the "Best Dressed: A Celebration of Style" exhibit. Being held until Jan. 4, 1998, this celebration of fashion from over the globe features more than 200 objects from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Included in the exhibit is the 1956 wedding gown of Princess Grace of Monaco, a complete Japanese geisha's costume and several dresses from the 1860s and 1880s by Charles Frederick Worth, the father of French couture.