In offering to the public another newspaper, we do not overlook an objection which is always urged against such a project, and which is that the market is already supplied. We know that newspapers abound throughout our country, and more especially in our great commercial cities; that the number annually issued amounts to several millions, and that they are diffused through every portion of the nation. Still we believe that the field is not entirely occupied, and that the city of Baltimore offers a favorable prospect to a new paper, upon a foundation different from that of the papers already established here. With the numerous and able conducted papers of this city, the affluent are well supplied. They are able to command and disposed to improve the various means of knowledge in which our country generally, and this city particularly, abound. But as in all the northern cities, a large portion of our population, with a laudable desire of knowledge, have not access to that fertile source of improvement, a newspaper. The population of our cities is rapidly increasing, especially in young men, just entering, or who have but lately entered, on the theatre of active life. Large numbers are continually arriving from the interior, to begin their career of industry and enterprise, and accessions are annually made from other countries, led here in pursuit of that freedom and those physical and intellectual comforts which they could not find under the oppressive institutions of their native lands.
All of these have the natural desire of knowledge, and of amusement, and a large portion desire that knowledge which is useful, and that mental recreation which purifies and elevates instead of debasing. But very few of this numerous body of young men have access to the large daily papers of our cities. The process for which there papers are furnished, though by no means exorbitant compensation for the great expenditure of money, time, and mental and physical labor attending their publication; are yet beyond the reach of a numerous portion of our population, and more especially of the young. A substitute is therefore necessary to supply the demand of a numerous portion of our citizens, who eagerly seek knowledge, and seek it as the means of becoming wiser and better.
This substitute is to be found in the Penny Press. The honor of this invention is due to some of the ablest statesman and the most benevolent philanthropists of the British empire. And it has already produced a great moral revolution in the land of our forefathers. It has redeemed a great portion of the people of England from mental darkness and degrading, destroying habits, and raised them to a degree of intellectual and moral elevation to which no presiding age affords a parallel. It has tended greatly to check the vice of intemperance, that most serious obstacle to all improvement, to diffuse among its votaries a taste for higher enjoyments and worthier pursuits, to render them better men and better citizens, and more competent to maintain those great principals of civil and religious liberty, which are the foundations of all that is great in the Anglo-Saxon race on this or the other side of the Atlantic. It has diffused light where darkness had long prevailed, and roused to a just sense of their importance, as members of the social compact, and their dignity and responsibility as moral beings, those who bound down by an artificial state of society, sought momentary consolation from a consciousness of their oppression and degradation, in habits tending to degrade still more.
Nor has the operation of this engine been less auspicious in our own country, though the necessity of it, as an instrument of reform, has been less than in the British empire. Our equal laws affording equal protection to all, unless when warped from their legitimate action by artful combination, and our means of useful knowledge being extensive, our country has not, like the land of our forefathers, presented a numerous portion who were absolutely sorrowing without hope. But still, as said before, our cities before the introduction of the penny press, contain a numerous class to whom a newspaper;-- that important vehicle of knowledge, when rightly conducted,-- was not always accessible. It has been introduced into three of our northern cities, and with imminent success and most fortunate results. In New York especially, where the experiment was first made, its daily circulation is now almost one hundred thousand…