Here's our take on 10 good things that happened during the 90-day General Assembly session, which concluded on Monday, and 10 bad things.
•Sex offender laws. Thanks in no small part to the appeal Monday by Jennifer Foxwell, the mother of kidnap and murder victim Sarah Foxwell, the General Assembly passed a package of sex offender reforms that will increase penalties and make Maryland's sex offender registry more effective. We'll never know if these laws could have saved Sarah, but they should help make Maryland's children safer.
•Distracted driving. After more than a decade of attempts, the legislature finally outlawed the use of hand-held cell phones while driving. Many of us use our cell phones while we drive even though we know it's dangerous; the new law will prompt many to quit. However, the legislature bungled an attempt to expand the ban on texting while driving to include reading texts while driving, which seemed like a no-brainer.
•The short-term budget. State revenues appear to have stabilized, and Gov. Martin O'Malley and the legislature enacted enough cuts to keep the budget balanced this year without raising taxes. The state's AAA bond rating is secure, and it appears possible that we won't have to endure the kinds of wrenching midyear budget cuts that we did last year.
•Updated child support guidelines. Maryland's guidelines for how much it costs to raise a child, the basis for judges' decisions on how much child support to require, hadn't been updated in 22 years, and they were based on data that were even older. That meant that custodial parents were effectively picking up a larger share of the costs to raise the children than was fair.
•Gangs. New laws will encourage schools and the police to share information about kids who become active in gangs and will give teeth to an ineffective 2007 law that was meant to target gang leaders and increase sentences for gang members convicted of some crimes.
•Foreclosure mediation. Gov. Martin O'Malley's effort this year to stem the foreclosure crisis in Maryland goes beyond just requiring mediation between borrowers and lenders before the process can be completed. Perhaps the most important element of the bill requires lenders to file an affidavit before foreclosure certifying that alternatives, such as loan modification and short sales, have been tried first. The experience of other states suggests the program won't end the foreclosure crisis, but it will help.
• Medicaid fraud. The General Assembly finally passed Governor O'Malley's bill to encourage whistle-blowers with knowledge of Medicaid fraud to come forward. Analysts expect the state could recoup $20 million a year as a result. The effort is particularly important with the planned expansion of Medicaid from the federal health care reform law.
•Unemployment insurance. The O'Malley administration, legislators and business groups worked out a compromise plan to modernize Maryland's unemployment insurance system, making the state eligible for more than $120 million in federal aid.
•Recognizing gay marriages. Attorney General Douglas F. Gansler issued an opinion this year that Maryland should recognize same-sex marriages performed in states where they are legal. The legislature turned down an effort to overrule him and one to impeach him.
•Tuition. College and university tuition will go up in Maryland for the first time in four years, but only by 3 percent. Given the budget crunch the state faces, that's a significant accomplishment and has made higher education more affordable for thousands.
•Education reform. Governor O'Malley didn't go nearly far enough in pushing education reforms, such as a strengthening of Maryland's charter school law. The reform that did pass, a lengthening of the time it takes teachers to earn tenure and a linking of student test scores with teacher evaluations, is helpful, but compromises in the legislature weakened its effect.
•Drunken driving. Despite the terrible death of a Johns Hopkins University sophomore in a hit-and-run accident in which a serial drunken driver has been charged, the legislature failed at the last minute to move forward with a requirement that those convicted of driving under the influence be forced to install an igntion interlock device on their cars.
•The long-term budget. The spending plan the legislature approved for the coming fiscal year isn't the problem. It's the next few years that are the issue, thanks to ballooning pension, health care and education costs. Credit goes to the Republicans for highlighting the problem and providing suggestions for how to address it, but the legislature did too little about it.