Deaths elsewhere

March 07, 2010

RAIMUND ABRAHAM, 76

Austrian-born architect

Raimund Abraham, an Austrian-born architect known for his powerfully enigmatic drawings and fierce idealism, and whose narrow, blade-like 2002 Austrian Cultural Forum in New York is among the most forceful pieces of architecture built anywhere in the last decade, was killed early Thursday when the car he was driving collided in downtown Los Angeles with a Metropolitan Transportation Authority bus. He was 76.

The accident came just hours after Abraham delivered a lecture Wednesday evening at the Southern California Institute of Architecture, or SCI-Arc, where he had taught periodically since 2003.

With only a handful of completed projects to his credit, Abraham, based for most of his career in New York, was well known within the profession as a theorist and, perhaps most of all, as a teacher who struck his students by turns as deeply passionate, gruff and quixotic. After moving from Austria to the U.S. in 1964, he took a job at the Rhode Island School of Design and, beginning in 1971, taught for more than three decades in New York, primarily at the Cooper Union in Manhattan.

During a Friday afternoon gathering at SCI-Arc's Arts District campus, Abraham was remembered chiefly for his refusal to bend his designs to meet client demands, architectural fashion or popular taste. "Raimund was pure," architect and former SCI-Arc Director Michael Rotondi said at the event.

In the last few years Abraham had been splitting his time among New York, Los Angeles and Mazunte, a small beach town in the Mexican state of Oaxaca where he lived in a house he designed for himself. His other recent projects include the JingYa Ocean Entertainment Center in Beijing and a small, circular concrete music hall in Hombroich, Germany, that is under construction.

Reached by phone Friday in Vienna, Una Abraham, the architect's daughter and only surviving relative, said work on the music hall would continue. "We're going to make sure it gets finished," she said.

Raimund Johann Abraham was born July 23, 1933, in the Austrian mountain town of Lienz, and grew up in a house overlooking the Dolomites. The experience of living through World War II as a child left an indelible mark on him.

"I had horrifying experiences that shaped my aesthetics," he once told an interviewer. "I saw buildings disappear that were supposed to be permanent. I saw the entire sky covered with airplanes. But do you have any idea what a beautiful sight that is - an iron sky? It was magnificent."

After studying architecture in Graz he moved to Vienna, where he worked as an architect and industrial designer from 1959 to 1964, part of a circle of creative talents that included artists, poets and filmmakers.

No project better encapsulated Abraham's approach than the Austrian Cultural Forum, which squeezes a 280-foot-high tower onto a midtown Manhattan site just 25 feet wide.

In winning a competition for the building, he beat out 225 other architects, all of them fellow Austrians. His design called for a tightly compressed set of fire stairs scissoring up the rear of the building - no other entrant, the competition jurors said, thought to place the stairs there - and a sharply angled, almost menacing front facade of precisely mitered steel and sheets of glass.

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