Excerpts from The Mitchell Report

Point by point

The Mitchell Report

December 14, 2007

The opening paragraph

"For more than a decade, there has been widespread illegal use of anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing substances by players in Major League Baseball, in violation of federal law and baseball policy. Club officials routinely have discussed the possibility of such substance use when evaluating players. Those who have illegally used these substances range from players whose major league careers were brief to potential members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. They include both pitchers and position players, and their backgrounds are as diverse as those of all major league players."

From the summary

"Mandatory random testing, formally started in 2004 after the survey testing results, appears to have reduced the use of detectable steroids, but players switched to human growth hormone precisely because it is not detectable. Players who use human growth hormone apparently believe that it assists their ability to recover from injuries and fatigue during the long baseball season; this also is a major reason why players used steroids. ...

"The recommendations that are set forth in detail in this report. In summary ... (1) Major League Baseball must significantly increase its ability to investigate allegations of use outside of the testing program and improve its procedures for keeping performance enhancing substances out of the clubhouse; (2) there must be a more comprehensive and effective program of education for players and others about the serious health risks incurred by users of performance enhancing substances; and (3) when the club owners and the Players Association next engage in collective bargaining on the joint drug program, I urge them to incorporate into the program the principles that characterize a state-of-the-art program, as described in this report. ...

"I received allegations of the illegal possession or use of performance enhancing substances by a number of current players. Through their representative, the Players Association, I asked each of them to meet with me so that I could provide them with information about the allegations and give them a chance to respond. Almost without exception, they declined to meet or talk with me."

On Gary Sheffield

"In his book, Sheffield attributed the increase in home runs in Major League Baseball after the 1994 strike to widespread steroid use, and he claimed that at the time he asked the commissioner to investigate the issue, only to be ignored. Selig denied that he ever received such a request from Sheffield."

On human growth hormone

"Chad Allen, a former player ... told us that human growth hormone is now the drug of choice for those players who can afford it because it is not detectable. He believes that Major League Baseball will always have a difficult time keeping up with drug developments because `there's always someone ahead of the curve who knows that he will make a quick buck.'"

On Lenny Dykstra's steroid use"[Former New York Mets employee Kirk Radmoski] stated that members of the Mets' management discussed Dykstra's weight fluctuations with the team's athletic trainers and that `the trainers would just laugh.'"

David Justice's perception of baseball's attitude toward steroids

"Justice said that the Commissioner's Office and the major league clubs did nothing during his career to discourage players from using steroids. He said that during his career he was never in a meeting where the players were told `you can't take steroids' and that `in my 14 years, there was never a mention of steroids' in any presentation given by any club, the Commissioner's Office or the Players Association."

Notes from an internal discussion by the Dodgers on Paul Lo Duca

"Got off the steroids. ... Took away a lot of hard line drives."

From recommendations

"I have been warned by a number of former players that some players will use performance enhancing substances no matter what they are told."

From conclusions

"Obviously, the players who illegally used performance enhancing substances are responsible for their actions. But they did not act in a vacuum. Everyone involved in baseball over the past two decades -- Commissioners, club officials, the Players Association and players -- shares to some extent in the responsibility for the steroids era. There was a collective failure to recognize the problem as it emerged and to deal with it early on. ...

"Being chained to the past is not helpful. Baseball does not need and cannot afford to engage in a never-ending search for the name of every player who ever used performance enhancing substances."

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