Lawmakers send question to November 2008 ballot

General Assembly -- Special Session

Referendum

November 19, 2007|By Bradley Olson and James Drew | Bradley Olson and James Drew,Sun reporter

Maryland lawmakers gave final approval last night to a referendum on slot machine gambling, sending to voters an issue that has bitterly divided politicians in Annapolis for years.

On a frenzied day of legislating three weeks into a tumultuous special session called by Gov. Martin O'Malley to close the state's projected $1.7 billion budget gap, the Senate approved the referendum as it juggled measures related to taxes, health care and the environment.

Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller said after the vote that the only way the General Assembly could move forward with slots is through a referendum - and he faulted Republicans for "not participating" in the legislation.

"If they had sat at the table and voted the way they did last year and the year before and the year before that, we would not need a referendum. But by them walking away, we had to go to a referendum," the southern Maryland Democrat said.

Because the bill called for a referendum that would amend the Maryland Constitution, it does not require approval from the governor - who supported the measure. In the same contest that will decide the country's next president in November 2008, voters will decide whether to allow 15,000 slot machines in five locations throughout the state: one each in Baltimore City and Allegany, Anne Arundel, Cecil and Worcester counties.

"We've got a lot of great allies, and we intend to run an extremely vigorous campaign," said Aaron Meisner, an investment adviser and coordinating chairman of StopSlots Maryland, who vowed to defeat the referendum. "The beauty of this is that there is no grass-roots slots lobby, and there never has been. We can have a meeting in every church basement in the state of Maryland."

The Senate also voted 25-19 last night to approve a bill that lays out the nuts and bolts of a slots program, such as the division of revenue and the procedure for granting slots licenses.

Although O'Malley once described legalized gambling as a "morally bankrupt" way to fund education, he campaigned last year on "limited slots" to help the state's struggling racetracks.

This fall, however, O'Malley announced his support for a much more expansive plan. The measure would allow slots at Laurel Park in Anne Arundel and Ocean Downs in Worcester, but not at Baltimore's Pimlico Race Course.

Administration officials said they'd included the Baltimore City site, an 11-acre warehouse district south of the city's sports stadiums, at the request of Mayor Sheila Dixon. She had opposed slots at Pimlico or the Inner Harbor, but said she backed the new site in light of the city's fiscal needs and her goal to reduce property taxes.

The final vote came after the Senate halted a filibuster attempt by E.J. Pipkin, an Eastern Shore Republican, who said the proposed location of slots sites should not be included in the state constitution.

"Ten years from now or 20 years, I want my constituents to know I did everything I possibly could. We know that this is not the best product. This is not even good. It's a poor product. I still believe the Maryland Constitution stands for something," Pipkin said.

Minutes before the referendum passed at 8:58 last night by a 31-13 vote - two more than the three-fifths needed - the chamber overwhelmingly rejected a series of amendments proposed by opponents of O'Malley's plan, longtime gambling foes and senators whose districts could be the homes of slots emporiums.

The measures included efforts to make bidding for slots licenses more competitive, giving local jurisdictions a chance to prohibit the machines going into their areas and trying to limit campaign contributions from slots licensees.

All failed with little debate, although the Senate followed the House in voting to allow local jurisdictions a stake in a slots parlor in their vicinity by granting them control through zoning and planning statutes. It remains unclear whether that provision would grant them the power to essentially override the state's constitution in the event of the referendum's passage.

Pro-gambling interests, including those with ties to all three racetracks, have contributed nearly $1.25 million to state candidates and political parties since 2003, and spent $2.6 million on State House lobbying during the past two years, according to a Sun analysis.

The governor said slot revenue could help close the budget shortfall, rescue the state's horse racing industry and preserve open space. He also said his plan could tap slots revenues from Marylanders who now travel to neighboring states to gamble. Critics argue that the state shouldn't count on slots revenues to address its fiscal problems and that expanding gambling would lead to addiction, crime and other problems.

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