LONDON -- Four of six men accused in a failed attempt to blow up parts of London's public transit system in 2005 were convicted yesterday of conspiracy to commit murder.
The jury will continue deliberations on the fate of the other two defendants today.
The panel unanimously rejected the defense contention that the bombs, which failed to explode, were meant to merely scare the public and prompt government officials to reconsider British involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan.
"The failure of those bombs to explode owed nothing to the intention of these defendants. Rather, it was simply the good fortune of the traveling public that day that they were spared," prosecutor Nigel Sweeney said in court.
Prosecutors linked the failed bombings on July 21, 2005, to successful suicide attacks on the London transit system two weeks earlier, which killed 52 people and injured hundreds.
The jury convicted Muktar Said Ibrahim, 29, Ramzi Mohammed, 25, Yassin Omar, 26, and Hussain Osman, 28, all of whom had pleaded not guilty. The panel still must determine the fates of Manfo Asiedu, 33, and Adel Yahya, 24, who also insisted on their innocence.
Ibrahim, the group's confessed ringleader, targeted a bus in East London. He escaped during the commotion that followed the bang of his detonator going off.
Mohammed, Omar and Osman attempted to set off explosives in subway stations. Mohammed escaped after he was chased through the Oval station by commuters, including a man in his 70s. Ibrahim and Mohammed were caught in a police raid eight days later.
Omar slipped away from authorities in the Warren Street station. The next day, disguised as a woman wearing a burka, he fled to a predominantly Muslim neighborhood in Birmingham. He was later arrested while standing in a bathtub fully clothed.
Osman fled to Rome, where he was extradited to Britain.
The men were inspired by the bombings on July 7, 2005, according to the defense. After searching the Internet, Ibrahim said he found instructions for building bombs through a terrorist Web site and intentionally changed the procedure so that the explosives would not detonate.
Prosecutors showed evidence, however, that Ibrahim had spent three months training in Pakistan in 2004 at the same time as Mohamed Sidique Khan and Shahzad Tanweer, two bombers who died in the July 7 attacks. There he learned to build bombs similar to those used by Khan and Tanweer, the prosecutors said.
The explosives, made on a kitchen stove in London, included household ingredients such as flour, hydrogen peroxide and acetone, which is found in nail polish remover. The would-be terrorists placed the bombs in buckets and glued nails, screws and other sharp objects to them as shrapnel.
Forensics experts said the composition of the explosives linked the two conspiracies.
"Prior to July 2005, we had never had this sort of material submitted to the laboratory before," Claire McGavigan, a scientist at the Forensics Explosives Laboratory, testified in January.
All six men emigrated from Africa during childhood.
Ibrahim arrived in Britain in 1990 after escaping war in his native Eritrea. The prosecution said he soon turned militant, attending Finsbury Park Mosque in London, where he heard the radical teachings of fundamentalist Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al Masri.
In 2003, he went to Sudan to receive military training, according to court testimony.
Alicia Lozano writes for the Los Angeles Times.