Boston works to repair its image with black tourists

Destination Northeast

January 28, 2007|By Joshua Kurlantzick | Joshua Kurlantzick,New York Times News Service

On a warm November weekend morning, about 35 people from Massachusetts, New York, Missouri and Pennsylvania pack the benches of a trolley rolling through Roxbury, a historically black neighborhood in Boston. For two hours they listen as the tour guide explains how residents are building on vacant lots created when the neighborhood disintegrated in the 1960s.

The trolley, part of a tour organized by the local group Discover Roxbury, passes restored 19th-century mansions and red-brick rowhouses, and the tourists audibly "aah" with delight. When the tour finishes, the group gathers for lunch, where James Guilford Jr., a 95-year-old lifelong resident of Roxbury still dapper in a bolo tie and gold earring, retells stories of vibrant local life in the 1930s and '40s.

"There were so many black barbershops here, so much business," said Guilford, a former barber. "I opened, and I couldn't keep out the customers."

Ten years ago, it would have been tough to find a tour of Roxbury or any other black neighborhood in Boston. For many black travelers, Boston meant not only John Adams and Paul Revere but also Ted Landsmark, the Boston businessman assaulted by a group of whites in 1976, a time of fierce local conflict over school integration. Someone in the crowd struck Landsmark with an American flag, a scene captured in a famous news photograph that distilled Boston's image as a place hostile to black Americans.

"There was a racial overtone in the city, and people didn't necessarily want to come," said Carole Copeland Thomas, head of the multicultural committee of the Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau.

Darnell Williams, president and chief executive of the Urban League of Eastern Massachusetts, said that in the past, when he would suggest to black people that they visit Boston, "They'd say, `Do I want to come here? Are you out of your mind?'"

Today, Boston is trying to change its image among black Americans. By supporting programs and attractions such as the Roxbury trolley tour and a number of other initiatives, the visitors bureau hopes to draw more black travelers to a city that the longtime Boston Celtics basketball star Bill Russell once called "a flea market of racism."

"The city of Boston and its leaders have to recognize the fact that Boston has a reputation of not being that welcoming for minorities, but we've made extraordinary gains," said Julie Burns, director of arts, tours and special events in the office of Mayor Thomas M. Menino.

"Boston has had a perception problem for years," said Larry Meehan, vice president of the convention and visitors bureau. "I believe it's going to change. The African Meeting House, the 40th birthday of the Black Heritage Trail and other events we are promoting for 2007 will have a tremendous appeal." Meehan also said the recent election of Deval L. Patrick, who is Massachusetts' first black governor, will have a positive impact on the city's image.

Beyond the social and cultural need to repair Boston's reputation among black Americans, there is also a financial incentive. According to a 2003 study by the Travel Industry Association of America, travel by blacks in the United States is growing twice as fast as travel by Americans overall. And Target Market News, a publication that specializes in the black consumer market, estimates that blacks in the United States annually spend about $5 billion on leisure travel.

Cities such as Boston that court black travelers will reap the benefits, said Andy Ingraham, president of the National Association of Black Hotel Owners. "African-Americans' share of the industry is big enough that you have to pay attention," he said.

In the past, according to Angela DaSilva, founder of the National Black Tourism Network, a travel company, "the only way that we could get to learn about black culture was to ask the black doorman or the black maid. The visitor bureaus didn't care."

But during the past decade, with the recognition of the social and commercial importance of black travel, Dallas, Milwaukee, Philadelphia and other cities have started campaigns to promote themselves to black tourists. Black-themed museums have opened in several cities, with new ones soon to come, including the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington and a United States National Slavery Museum in Fredericksburg, Va.

Boston's effort to draw black travelers is among the biggest undertaken by any city in the country. The city, where Crispus Attucks died in the Boston Massacre and where Frederick Douglass lectured, already boasts plenty of important black historical sites, including the Museum of Afro-American History, a memorial to a famous black regiment from the Civil War and a meetinghouse where prominent abolitionists plotted strategy.

Despite the presence of so many black heritage sites, other hurdles to attracting black tourism have proved tough to overcome. One is the relative scarcity of some commonplace aspects of black life.

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