WASHINGTON -- Harriet E. Miers, a member of a diminishing circle of allies who came to Washington in 2001 with George W. Bush, is resigning as White House counsel at the end of this month, the White House announced yesterday.
The ill-fated nomination of Miers to the Supreme Court in 2005 left President Bush tangled in complaints of cronyism and in dispute with his conservative allies.
Her departure comes as the administration copes with the challenges of demonstrating its relevance during its final two years, with attention shifting to the new Democratic majorities in the House and Senate, and renewing its energy among senior aides for whom time in office is ticking away.
"She's been here for six years. It's hard duty," White House press secretary Tony Snow said when asked why Miers was leaving.
Miers was among a circle of Texans who came east with Bush at the start of his first term, including Alberto R. Gonzales, the first White House counsel, who is now attorney general; Margaret Spellings, the first domestic policy adviser, who is now education secretary, and Karen Hughes, who worked 18 months as a counselor to the president, returned to Texas and is now undersecretary of state for public diplomacy. Another member of that group - Scott McClellan, who became White House press secretary - has left the administration.
Although she had worked as a legal adviser to Bush for more than a decade, Miers, 61, was little known outside Washington and Texas. That changed on Oct. 3, 2005, when the president - calling her "exceptionally well-suited to sit on the highest court of our nation" - nominated her to succeed Justice Sandra Day O'Connor on the Supreme Court.
Barely three weeks later, on Oct. 27, the president withdrew the nomination, which had propelled the White House into a storm of criticism - from both conservatives who questioned Miers' anti-abortion credentials and a broader spectrum of critics who challenged the judicial qualifications of someone who had never served on the bench.
As soon as she resumed her White House work, she helped Bush choose Samuel A. Alito Jr., a federal appeals court judge, for the seat.
Miers' resignation brought little comment in a city focused on the first day of the 110th Congress. But Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, a fellow lawyer, Republican and Texan, commended her, in a written statement, "for serving our nation with honor and distinction" and called her "a pioneer among women."
Miers' ties to Bush date to 1993 and the start of his successful 1994 campaign for governor of Texas. He hired Miers, then a partner at a large Texas law firm, as the campaign's lawyer.
She has handled important jobs for him ever since: as his appointed chairwoman of the Texas Lottery Commission; his first White House staff secretary, a key behind-the-scenes job; deputy chief of staff; and, since the start of his second term, his White House lawyer. Her final job placed her in a central position in the search for nominees for the federal bench, from District Court seats to the Supreme Court, and as a key adviser on legal matters and legislation.
In a lengthy resignation letter, Miers said it was "hard to leave the tasks at hand." She gave no reason for her departure.
Reflecting the regard with which she was held among White House staff members, Snow called her "an extraordinarily wonderful human being who is a very careful and scrupulous lawyer, a ferocious defender of the Constitution, and somebody who was also deeply loyal to the president, and just somebody who is a delight to work with."
Her departure, he said, was "bittersweet," but she decided that "it's time to move on."
James Gerstenzang writes for the Los Angeles Times.