Other Notable Deaths


December 30, 2006

BERTRAM POWERS, 84 Led N.Y. printers' union

Bertram Powers, former head of New York's newspaper printers' union who led a 16-week strike in the 1960s that paralyzed the city's dailies, died of pneumonia Sunday in Washington, D.C.

He led New York's Local 6 of the International Typographical Union for 29 years until his retirement in the mid-1990s. In December 1962, he called the union's first strike in 88 years against New York's eight daily newspapers over demands for higher wages and a contract that would expire at all the papers at the same time.

The walkout shut down four papers, led to a lockout at four others and affected 20,000 employees before a settlement ended it on April 1, 1963. Over the next five years, four of New York's dailies went out of business or were combined, and his critics blamed the strike. But Mr. Powers argued it had less to do with the strike than with the "national phenomenon of newspaper consolidation and attrition," said his son, Brian.

In 1974, he negotiated a 10-year contract that assured his members' lifetime employment and other job protections as newspapers converted printing from lead castings to "cold type," or computerized pages. GALINA USTVOLSKAYA, 87 Russian composer

Galina Ustvolskaya, a Russian composer of expressive and often forceful works who studied with Shostakovich, and whose music has found an enthusiastic audience in the West since the early 1990s, died Dec. 22 in St. Petersburg, Russia.

She was an enigmatic and largely reclusive composer who produced a compact but rich body of music. Among her works are five symphonies, six piano sonatas, a piano concerto and numerous chamber works for unusual instrumental combinations. Her "Dona Nobis Pacem," for example, is scored for piccolo, tuba and piano; a "Dies Irae" is for eight double basses, percussion and piano.

Her stylistic hallmarks changed radically through the years: in the 1940s and 1950s, she sometimes drew themes from Russian folk music and, like Shostakovich, had both a public style, for concert works and film scores filled with the grand gestures that pleased the Soviet regime, and a more introspective private style in which she expressed herself more directly.

CARTER GILMORE, 80 Civil rights activist

Carter Gilmore, a prominent civil rights activist who was the first black elected to the Oakland, Calif., City Council, died of cancer Dec. 23 at his Oakland home.

He served on the City Council from 1977 to 1980 and also was vice mayor during his tenure. He played a key role in creating the city's anti-blight ordinance, organizing the citizen police review board and encouraging businesses to open branches in Oakland.

He was born in Grapeland, Texas, and in 1951 moved to Oakland, where he worked as a food plant manager and served as president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's Alameda branch and later its Northern California division. LORD MARMADUKE HUSSEY, 83 Former BBC chairman

Lord Marmaduke Hussey, who spent a decade as chairman of the BBC, positioning it for the digital era, died Wednesday. His death was announced by the BBC Corp. where he served as the chairman of its board of directors from 1986 to 1996.

He served with the Grenadier Guards in World War II and lost a leg in combat in Italy. Afterward, he joined Associated Newspapers, rising to editor of the Daily Mail.

He later became chief executive of Times Newspapers from 1971 to 1982, and waged a bitter dispute with print unions about modernizing technology that kept the company's flagship Times and Sunday Times papers off the streets for nearly a year.

HERMAN KLURFELD, 90 Ghostwriter for columnist

Herman Klurfeld, a longtime ghostwriter for pioneering gossip columnist Walter Winchell, died of a heart arrhythmia Dec. 18 at his home in Boca Raton, Fla.

He worked for three decades as a ghostwriter for the columnist and radio broadcaster. From 1936 to 1965, he wrote two to four of Mr. Winchell's columns a week and at one point wrote large and signature sections of Mr. Winchell's Sunday evening broadcasts.

He also wrote half a dozen books, including a memoir, Winchell: His Life and Times. HBO later made a film out of the book.

LARRY ZOX, 69 Artist

Larry Zox, an artist known for his work in the color-field movement of the 1960s, died of cancer Dec. 16 at his home in Colchester, Conn.

His paintings involved the splicing of a color field to give the sensation of shifting planes. They were the subject of a major retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1973, and 14 of his works hang in the Smithsonian Institution's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C.

He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship as well as a National Council of the Arts award, and spent time as an artist in residence at schools including Dartmouth, the University of North Carolina, the School of Visual Arts and Yale University.

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