Other notable deaths

Other notable deaths

August 26, 2006

Vernon Ingram, 82, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor whose landmark discovery on the cause of sickle cell anemia made him a pioneer in the field of molecular biology, died Aug. 17 in Boston after a fall.

In 1957, he discovered that a single amino acid substitution is responsible for the molecular abnormality that leads to sickle cell anemia. In recent years, he had focused on neuroscience, especially Alzheimer's disease.

Born in Breslau, Germany, he studied at Birkbeck College at the University of London, where he earned his bachelor's degree in chemistry in 1945 and doctorate in organic chemistry in 1949. In 1952, he studied protein chemistry in the Cavendish Laboratory of Cambridge University. A few years later, while studying the genetics of hemoglobin, the molecule that carries oxygen in the blood, he discovered that the misshapen hemoglobin molecules that characterize sickle cell anemia are caused by a single mutation.

Sig Shore, 87, an independent producer whose low-budget 1972 film Superfly was among the first of the so-called blaxploitation movies of the 1970s and gave its name to the flamboyant style that was a hallmark of the genre, died Aug. 17 in Stamford, Conn. The cause was respiratory failure due to chronic pneumonia.

Superfly starred Ron O'Neal and was directed by Gordon Parks Jr., whose father had directed the first such black-oriented hit action film, Shaft (1971). The film, released by Warner Brothers, was aided by a musical score by Curtis Mayfield, whose soundtrack sold more than a million copies. Another hit soundtrack, this one by Earth, Wind and Fire, came from Mr. Shore's 1975 film, That's the Way of the World, which he also directed.

Other films that Mr. Shore produced, and in some cases also directed, were Superfly T.N.T. (with a screenplay by Alex Haley), Sudden Death, The Survivalist and The Return of Superfly. He was working with Warner Brothers on a remake of Superfly when he became ill.

David Schnaufer, 53, a session musician widely credited with restoring the popularity of the dulcimer who recorded with Johnny Cash and Chet Atkins, died of cancer Wednesday in Nashville, Tenn.

The dulcimer evolved from zithers brought into North America by German immigrants in the 17th and 18th centuries and was common in Appalachian folk music. After winning several dulcimer contests and sending out recordings to country labels and artists, Mr. Schnaufer moved to Nashville in the 1980s, according to Vanderbilt University, where he was an adjunct associate professor at Blair School of Music.

He also recorded with The Judds, June Carter Cash, Kathy Mattea, Mark Knopfler, Emmylou Harris and many others. His solo albums included Delcimore and Dulcimer Deluxe.

Bruce Gary, 55, the rock drummer who worked with George Harrison, Bob Dylan and Stephen Stills but is best known as The Knack's original drummer on "My Sharona,"died of lymphoma Tuesday at the Tarzana Medical Center in California.

He also recorded with Cream's Jack Bruce, Rod Stewart, Sheryl Crow, Bette Midler, Yoko Ono, Harry Nilsson and The Doors' guitarist Robby Krieger, according to the Web site www.brucegary.com.

Mr. Gary also worked with blues masters Albert Collins, Albert King and John Lee Hooker and toured with former Eagles member Randy Meisner and Spencer Davis. He co-produced a series of posthumous releases from Jimi Hendrix, including the Blues compilation. He also produced the CD of drum samples Bruce Gary's Drum Vocabulary. The drum loops are popular in professional and home recording studios, where they can be added to any song.

John Hulett, 78, the civil rights pioneer who helped found a group that influenced the formation of the Black Panther Party, died Monday at his home in Mosses, Ala.

During the civil rights movement, he worked to help blacks gain the right to vote and run for office despite intimidation from groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. He also became the first black to hold the office of sheriff and probate judge in Lowndes County.

He gained national recognition in 1966 when he and other black leaders formed the Lowndes County Freedom Organization, choosing the black panther as the group's symbol. The panther was chosen for its independence. During a trip to California, he and others told people about the county and the political symbol. Activists Huey Newton and Bobby Seale later used the symbol when they formed the Black Panther Party.

Jacob Mincer, 84, a pioneer in labor economics who was the first to quantify the payoff from education and training, died from complications of Parkinson's disease Sunday at his home in Manhattan.

He had spent most of his career as a professor of economics at Columbia University, retiring from active teaching in 1991. His calculations about the return on human capital came in the 1950s and 1960s, when the mixing of mathematics and empirical data was just coming into vogue among economists. Nearly 40 years later, the framework that he developed is still in use.

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