Other Notable Deaths


August 01, 2006

Kurt Kreuger, 89, a German-born actor who reluctantly played Nazi soldiers in many films about World War II, died of a stroke July 12 in Beverly Hills, Calif.

Mr. Kreuger played German soldiers and Nazi officers in movies including Hotel Berlin, Paris Underground and Sahara, a 1943 movie starring Humphrey Bogart that was nominated for three Academy Awards. After the war, he continued to play German soldiers and other movie villains.

He often felt typecast and encountered resistance from studio executives when he asked to play other types of characters, said a friend, Lynne Riehman. That prompted him to move to Europe, where his projects included an Italian movie, La Paura, with Ingrid Bergman.

Mr. Kreuger returned to Hollywood in another World War II film, The Enemy Below, in 1957. He was also a guest star on many television series, including Get Smart, 77 Sunset Strip and Perry Mason.

Mr. Kreuger was born in Michendorf, Germany, and raised in Switzerland. By the 1970s, he had largely retired from acting to concentrate on a career in real estate. He had no immediate survivors.

Duygu Asena, 60, a best-selling writer and crusader for women's rights in Turkey, died Sunday at Istanbul's American Hospital after a two-year battle with a brain tumor.

The author of the book Woman Has No Name, she had trained to be a teacher but began writing for newspaper women's pages in the early 1970s.

In 1978, she founded the first women's magazine in Turkey. Ignoring taboos, she was the first Turkish writer to explore such topics as women's rights, sexuality and wife-beating.

Woman Has No Name broke sales records when it was printed in 1987, but it was soon banned by the government, which found it to be too lewd and obscene. The ban was lifted after a two-year court battle. A film adaptation of the book broke box office records in Turkey.

She wrote eight other feminist novels, including There Is No Love, a sequel to Woman Has No Name.

Murray Bookchin, 85, an early proponent of what he described as social ecology, died Sunday of heart failure in Burlington, Vt.

Mr. Bookchin was a proponent of left-leaning libertarian ideas and was among the first people in the early 1960s to promote the emerging field of ecology into political debate.

He published Our Synthetic Environment in 1962 under the pseudonym Lewis Herber, calling for alternative energy supplies, among other environmental proposals. It was in that book, which predated by five months Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, that Bookchin introduced the notion of social ecology.

He argued that only a completely free and open society could resolve the problems that confronted the environment.

Born in New York City to Russian immigrant parents, he joined a Communist youth organization at age 9, then dropped out years later. He was a foundry worker and union organizer in New Jersey before joining the Army. In civilian life, he became an autoworker but left the industry and its labor organization after the General Motors strike of 1946.

He eventually turned to his interest in the environment and writing, publishing more than two dozen books on ecology, history, politics, philosophy and urban planning.

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