Cardin, Mfume In Senate tossup

36% of state's Democrats unsure as primary nears

Sun poll Maryland Votes 2006


With the Democratic primary for U.S. Senate less than two months away, Rep. Benjamin L. Cardin and former congressman and NAACP President Kweisi Mfume remain locked in a virtual tie, according to a new Sun poll.

If the primary were held today, the survey finds, each candidate would get about three out of 10 votes.

More than a third of the state's Democrats haven't decided on a candidate to face probable Republican nominee Lt. Gov. Michael S. Steele in the general election for the rare open seat - a huge bloc of voters that remains unmoved from a Sun survey conducted eight months ago.

The indecision increases to 45 percent of Democrats in the heavily populated Washington suburbs, and 55 percent in Western Maryland, regions where the Baltimore-based front-runners are largely unknown.

"There's a lot of work both candidates have to do between now and Sept. 12," said Salisbury University political scientist Harry Basehart, co-director of the Institute for Public Affairs and Civic Engagement. "There are still plenty of undecided voters to go after."

Opinions are stronger in the general election that will determine a successor to Democratic Sen. Paul S. Sarbanes. The longest-serving senator in Maryland history is retiring after 30 years, leaving the state an open seat for the first time since 1986.

Cardin leads Steele, 47 percent to 36 percent, in the race for Sarbanes' seat, according to the telephone survey of 1,200 likely voters conducted July 6-10 by Potomac Inc., an independent polling company based in Bethesda. Seventeen percent are undecided. The survey has a margin of error of 2.8 percentage points for the general election and 4.1 percentage points for the primary. The error rate is higher for smaller subgroups.

Mfume leads Steele, 42 percent to 40 percent, with 18 percent undecided. The 2-percentage-point difference falls within the poll's margin of error, leaving the race in a virtual dead heat.

An Mfume-Steele race would be the first in state history between two African-American candidates for the U.S. Senate. Among white voters, Steele leads Mfume, 48 percent to 33 percent. Among African-American voters, Mfume leads Steele, 71 percent to 11 percent.

Ronald Walters, a professor of politics and government at the University of Maryland, says the matchup would be "something of a tossup."

"With Mfume in, to some extent, race is neutralized," said Walters, director of the African-American Leadership Institute at the University of Maryland. "And you're talking about two people who both have high profiles, both well-liked, both not perfect candidates. ... There are a lot of people that are going to come out of the woodwork to vote."

Potomac Inc. President Keith Haller warns against underestimating Steele, who was encouraged to enter the race by President Bush and other top Republicans and who has become a national symbol of GOP inclusiveness and outreach.

Haller says the Republican, who does not face a significant primary challenge, has been "biding his time" while Cardin and Mfume have emerged as the leading contenders for the Democratic nomination.

"He's locking up his natural base," said Haller, who is also chief executive officer of the independent, nonpartisan firm that conducted the survey for The Sun. "Obviously, he's going to have the resources to mount a phenomenally aggressive campaign."

In the Democratic Senate primary, Cardin leads Mfume, 32 percent to 28 percent. The 4-percentage-point spread lies within the margin of error, making that contest, too, a virtual tie.

Thirty-six percent of Democratic primary voters are undecided.

Democrats were asked to choose among six most frequently mentioned candidates for the party's Senate nomination, with the order of the names rotated so as not to favor any individual. Baltimore activist A. Robert Kaufman, American University history professor Allan J. Lichtman, former Baltimore County Executive Dennis F. Rasmussen and businessman and philanthropist Joshua B. Rales each managed about 1 percent support.

Eighteen Democratic candidates have filed to run for the seat, along with 10 Republicans and one Green Party candidate, Kevin Zeese, according to the state Board of Elections.

The numbers are virtually unchanged from those of a survey conducted by Potomac for The Sun last November, when Cardin led Mfume 30 percent to 28 percent, with 36 percent undecided.

John N. Bambacus, a professor emeritus of political science at Frostburg State University, said the numbers reflect a lack of public awareness.

"The political insiders discuss this race all the time, but the average citizen out there I just do not believe is focused on this primary," said Bambacus, a Republican who is a former mayor of Frostburg and state senator. "Most people ... really begin to get involved toward Labor Day."

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