Other Notable Deaths


July 10, 2006

Eric Schopler, 79, a University of North Carolina psychologist who worked on humane treatment of autism, died of cancer Friday in Chapel Hill, N.C.

He co-founded a program 41 years ago rejecting the notion that autism - a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome - was caused by destructive parents. Instead, Dr. Schopler recognized autism as a brain disorder that could be managed.

He observed that people living with autism were capable of learning but did not learn in traditional ways. He found that customized interventions from therapists, family and teachers made learning possible.

His insights led to the development of Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children - a network of nine state-funded clinics that are still operating.

Harold P. Olmo, 96, a renowned viticulturist who played a key role in shaping California's wine industry, died of complications from a hip fracture June 30 at a convalescent home in Davis, Calif.

He worked as a researcher and professor at the University of California for nearly a half-century. His travels around the world to track down and gather rare, ancient and endangered grape vines earned him the nickname "Indiana Jones of Viticulture."

His work with chardonnay revolutionized California's wine industry. When he began researching it, chardonnay was a minor player in the state. After he developed a variety with larger clusters and greater disease resistance, its popularity soared. Today, it is the most widely planted wine grape in the state.

Anatole Shub, 78, who used his Russian background to report from Moscow, conduct research on Russian topics for the U.S. Information Agency and write books about the Soviet Union, died of a stroke followed by pneumonia July 2 in Washington.

He was born and grew up in New York City, seasoned by the lively debates of Russian intellectuals, artists and politicians, including Leon Trotsky. His father, David, was exiled to Siberia by the czar and escaped to Europe, where he got to know key people who would figure in the Russian Revolution of 1917.

In 1964, The Washington Post hired Mr. Shub to open a bureau in Bonn to cover Germany and Eastern Europe. In later years he was news director at Radio Free Liberty/Radio Liberty.

Thomas Appleby, 82, the first president of the U.N. Development Corp. and a former New York City housing commissioner who focused government attention on poor neighborhoods even during the fiscal crisis of the mid-1970s, died of respiratory failure July 2 in Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.

As president of the U.N. Development Corp. from 1969 to 1976, and again from 1981 to 1996, he supervised the redevelopment of much of East 44th Street between First and Second avenues.

The public corporation was created by the city and state at a time when officials of a cramped United Nations were hinting that it might relocate. One result was the construction of the two 39-story green-tinted glass buildings of the U.N. Plaza Hotel and of the 15-story headquarters of UNICEF.

Claydes Charles Smith, 57, a co-founder and lead guitarist of the group Kool & the Gang, died after a long illness June 20 in Maplewood, N.J., his publicist said.

Kool & the Gang grew from jazz roots in the 1960s to become one of the major groups of the 1970s, blending jazz, funk, R&B and pop. The group enjoyed a return to stardom in the '80s.

Mr. Smith wrote the hits "Joanna" and "Take My Heart" and was a co-writer of others, including "Celebration," "Hollywood Swinging" and "Jungle Boogie."

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