Harford History

July 02, 2006

1863: General Archer captured at Gettysburg

On July 1, 1863, Confederate Gen. James J. Archer, son of Dr. John Archer Jr., was wounded and captured during the Battle of Gettysburg.

This distinguished military leader was born at Stafford in 1817. He served in the Mexican War with the U.S. Army, but joined the Confederacy after the Civil War broke out. He was soon promoted to brigadier general.

After his capture, he was taken to Johnson's Island, where he was a prisoner until 1864. He died Oct. 24, 1864, in Richmond, his health having declined during his imprisonment.

His home - Rock Run House - stands today in Rock Run State Park. A historical marker stands outside the house, relating the circumstances of Archer's death.

[Sources: Complete Guide to Maryland Historic Markers by Joe A. Swisher, Our Harford Heritage by C. Milton Wright. Research by Harford County Public Library]

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