Other Notable Deaths


June 07, 2006

Arnold Newman, 88, a photographer noted for "environmental portraits" of people using evocative settings and lighting, died of a heart attack Tuesday at a New York City hospital while rehabilitating from a recent stroke.

Based mostly in New York, Mr. Newman traveled the world to photograph artists, scientists, fellow photographers and politicians. As a freelancer for Life and other magazines, he photographed such celebrities as Pablo Picasso, Marilyn Monroe, Ronald Reagan and Mickey Mantle.

His portraits were posed to bring out what the subjects did, revealing them in their own environments. Among his best-known works were those of Igor Stravinsky at the piano and Nazi industrialist Alfred Krupp looking demonic in his factory.

"Arnold had an ability to see things that transcended what everybody else looked at," said Ron Kurtz, owner of Commerce Graphics, a New York gallery that deals in his fine art prints.

"His use of the environment and its natural light is so specific for what he is trying to show us about his subject," Ardine Nelson, an associate photography professor at Ohio State University, once said. "Newman is able to make it so clear, picking out some aspect of each subject, that you feel a connection, like you know each one of them."

In 2000, his 13th book, Arnold Newman Breaking Ground, was released and featured 240 photographs. In an Associated Press interview in 2000, Mr. Newman recalled that in the 1930s, when he composed his first portrait shots in Philadelphia, he charged 49 cents.

Bernard Loomis, 82, who had no toys as a child but became a toy industry legend by using children's television to turn Star Wars dolls, Strawberry Shortcake and Care Bears into stupendous successes, died of heart disease Friday at his home in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.

Mr. Loomis originated the idea of producing television specials and series that promoted toys as much as they entertained. This reversed the notion that toy-selling followed the movie, book or television program.

His television special featuring the character Strawberry Shortcake "opened the way for what sometimes seemed to be the transformation of children's television into a promotional arm of the toy industry," David Owen wrote in The Atlantic in 1986.

Mr. Owen included the article in a book of essays he published in 1988. The title referred to Mr. Loomis: The Man Who Invented Saturday Morning.

Similarly, Mr. Loomis pioneered the notion of selling lines of toys, not individual products. That created the possibility of concocting entire imaginary environments with ever more products, as exemplified by the Barbie doll, whose career he shepherded for a time.

Mr. Loomis' most celebrated single marketing triumph came in the holiday season of 1977 after he presciently acquired a license to sell action figures based on the movie Star Wars, knowing only that he liked the name. When the movie opened, demand for the toys dwarfed supply, so Mr. Loomis sold gift certificates in otherwise empty boxes. He sold more than 500,000 units.

He coined the word toyetic to describe concepts or characters that could easily be mass-produced toys, and prided himself in judging this elusive quality.

He had occasional flops - Duke the Wonder Dog, for instance - but usually his instincts proved improbably right, as when engineers showed up at a meeting with a wooden model of a doll that chewed its food, then eliminated it into a disposable diaper. The group joked dismissively about peristaltic action, then moved on.

"It's very funny, and I think it will sell a million dolls," Mr. Loomis interjected. Named Baby Alive, it became a best-seller.

Edward J. Yates, 87, who directed American Bandstand for 17 years, from a fledgling local TV show to a national institution that made Dick Clark a star, died Friday at a nursing home in Media, Pa.

In October 1952, Mr. Yates volunteered to direct Bandstand, a new show on Philadelphia's WFIL-TV. The show, featuring local teens dancing to the latest hits, debuted with Bob Horn as announcer and took off after Dick Clark, already a radio veteran at age 26, took over in 1956.

It was broadcast live in its early years, even after it became part of the ABC network's weekday afternoon lineup in 1957 as American Bandstand. Mr. Yates pulled records, directed the cameras, queued the commercials and communicated with Mr. Clark.

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