Other notable deaths


December 23, 2005

Dr. Hyman Engelberg, 92, the personal physician to Marilyn Monroe who announced her death and ruled it a suicide, died Monday of natural causes in a Santa Monica, Calif., nursing home.

Dr. Engelberg treated nearly 100 Hollywood stars, including Burt Lancaster, Danny Kaye, Rita Hayworth and Walter Matthau. He also was known for his prolific writing and research, including a 1965 study documenting why smokers were more likely to suffer heart attacks than nonsmokers.

But he is best known for his actions Aug. 5, 1962, when he called the Los Angeles Police Department at 4:25 a.m. to report that Miss Monroe had committed suicide. He said he had prescribed her the sedative Nembutal two or three days before with instructions that she take one each night to help her sleep. A 50-capsule bottle of the drug sat empty on her nightstand along with about 15 other medicine bottles.

Lyndon Olson Sr., 80, a lawyer who successfully argued a case in 1968 before the Supreme Court that extended the principle of "one man, one vote" to local governments, died Tuesday of a heart attack at his home in Waco, Texas.

Remembered for his gentility and even temper, Mr. Olson appeared before the Supreme Court in Avery v. Midland County. The high court decided that the makeup of local governments must reflect the population within them, just as the court had previously required of congressional and state districts.

A World War II veteran, Mr. Olson was president of the Waco Independent School District board during integration and was once president of the city's chamber of commerce.

Joseph L. Owades, 86, a biochemist credited with inventing light beer and creating the formula for several leading brands including Samuel Adams Boston Lager, died Dec. 16 of heart failure at his home in Sonoma, Calif.

After receiving a doctorate in biochemistry from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute in 1950, he took a job in fermentation science and began developing yeast for use in food and beverages, eventually developing a process to remove the starch from beer, making it lower in carbohydrates and calories.

After stints working for several beer companies, and running a consulting firm helping Miller and Budweiser develop beer, Mr. Owades moved to the San Francisco Bay area in 1982 and became a pioneer in the microbrewing industry. He is credited with creating the formulas for Samuel Adams, Tuborg, New Amsterdam Beer, Pete's Wicked Ale and Foggy Bottom Beer, among others.

Sydney Leff, 104, a commercial artist believed to be the last surviving illustrator of sheet music from the golden age of Tin Pan Alley, died Dec. 10 at his home in Ossining, N.Y.

In the 1920s and 1930s, he designed and drew the covers for nearly 2,000 songs, from enduring standards such as "Stormy Weather" and "Sweet Georgia Brown" to more ephemeral numbers such as "Rock Me in a Cradle of Kalua" and "Baby Feet Go Pitter Patter Across My Floor."

Associated in particular with Irving Berlin, Mr. Leff also illustrated the work of Harold Arlen, Duke Ellington and many others. In 2000, several of his covers, including his elegant illustration for "Underneath the Harlem Moon" by Mack Gordon and Harry Revel, were featured in New York: Songs of the City, an exhibition at the Museum of the City of New York.

Mary Jackson, 95, a character actress best known as Miss Emily Baldwin on the 1970s television series The Waltons, died Dec. 10 at her home in Los Angeles of complications from Parkinson's disease.

On The Waltons, which ran on CBS from 1972 to 1981, Miss Jackson played one of two sisters who made bootleg whiskey they referred to as "the recipe." She appeared in several of the show's reunion specials, and her last appearance was in 1997's A Walton Easter.

In the 1950s and 1960s, she appeared on Alfred Hitchcock Presents, My Three Sons, The Andy Griffith Show, The Fugitive and Barnaby Jones. Her movie roles included Jane Fonda's mother in Fun With Dick and Jane (1977) and one of the nuns in Airport (1970).

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