Other Notable Deaths


December 05, 2005

Marc Lawrence, 95, whose pockmarked face and brooding mannerisms made him a natural for tough-guy roles in dozens of movies since the 1930s, died of heart failure Nov. 28 in Palm Springs, Calif.

He was born in New York City and in 1932 signed a contract with Columbia Pictures. Over the next 60 years, he would play the mob boss, thug and general bad guy in dozens of films. He also stepped outside the rogue genre, taking on roles such as a mountaineer in Shepherd of the Hills in 1941 and a hotel owner in From Dusk Till Dawn in 1996.

In the 1950s, he was called before the House Un-American Activities Committee, where he acknowledged he had once been a Communist Party member. He also reluctantly implicated several colleagues as alleged communist sympathizers. He then departed for Europe, where he took on diverse roles in dozens of Italian movies in the 1960s.

John Stewart Detlie, 96, the Hollywood set designer, artist and architect who led the effort to camouflage the Boeing airplane factory in Seattle during World War II, died Wednesday of lung cancer in Westlake Village, Calif.

He was nominated for an Oscar in 1940 for design work on Bitter Sweet. His art director credits include A Christmas Carol and Captains Courageous.

Mr. Detlie, whose first wife was movie star Veronica Lake, left Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios in 1942 to manage the camouflage project as a member of the Army Corps of Engineers. To confuse enemy bombers, Boeing Aircraft camouflaged nearly 26 acres of the plant in Seattle, where B-17s and B-29s were built. The plant was covered with a three-dimensional wire, plywood and canvas structure that was made to look like a town instead of a factory.

Monsignor Frederick R. McManus, 82, a retired dean of canon law at Catholic University of America who helped draft revisions to the Roman Catholic liturgy at the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s, died Nov. 27 in Boston.

He wrote extensively on liturgy and canon law and taught generations of church lawyers. He served as peritus, or expert, to the American bishops who attended the council from 1962 to 1965. For his assistance with the draft of the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy he was given the honor of celebrating the first official English-language Mass in the United States, in St. Louis in 1964.

He contributed to the revision of the church's Code of Canon Law in 1983 and was an organizer of the International Commission on English in the Liturgy, for which he worked into the late 1990s. He also was a representative of the Catholic Church in the ecumenical dialogues opened by Pope John Paul II with the Anglican and Eastern Orthodox Churches.

James A. Rawley, 89, an author, professor and nationally known expert on race relations, died Tuesday in Lincoln, Neb., after suffering a stroke.

He moved to Lincoln in 1964 and taught at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He was an authority on the Civil War, Reconstruction and the history of race relations. The Organization of American Historians created the Rawley Prize for accomplished historians in the area of race relations.

His books include The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History and Turning Points of the Civil War.

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