Machine loads scrap cargo fast


LOS ANGELES -- Like many entrepreneurs, Nathan Frankel sees money where others see nothing. In five years, he has built a $15 million-a-year business selling scrap metal from abandoned appliances, assembly line discards and used car parts.

So when Chinese companies offered to pay a 30 percent premium a few years ago for scrap to feed their booming factories, Frankel jumped at the opportunity. But loading bulky metal pieces into shipping containers was time-consuming and difficult to do without damaging the containers.

So Frankel, the 31-year-old president of Advanced Steel Recovery of Fontana, Calif., developed a machine that can fill a container with scrap metal in less than 15 minutes, compared with four hours with a backhoe. In addition to reducing labor costs, the machine was significantly less likely to damage containers.

If successful, Frankel's machine could revolutionize the overseas transport of scrap metal. Scrap, and other lower-value bulk products such as waste paper and farm products, traditionally have been loaded directly into giant "break-bulk" ships that carry 40,000 tons of material. Containerized shipping offers the potential of significant cost savings.

Greater use of containers also would alleviate a big headache: the pileup of empty containers on U.S. shores, the result of China shipping more products here than the U.S. sends back.

By taking advantage of low United States-to-China container rates, Frankel said he could ship scrap to China for half the cost of traditional methods: $10 to $25 a metric ton, compared with about $40 at the break-bulk rate.

"I'm getting to take advantage of economies of scale. The other guy who is loading manually can't do that," said Frankel, a classically trained violinist who followed his father into the scrap business five years ago.

He thinks his machine also could load other bulk commodities into containers, such as agricultural goods and wastepaper.

The Frankel Advanced Shipping Technologies machine, known as FASTek, isn't being sold commercially yet.

Since Frankel began operating the device at his Fontana scrap yard, he has shipped 400 containers to South Korea and China. He hopes to have a second unit in place by September. The machine was manufactured by Mechtronic Solutions Inc. of Albuquerque, N.M., which specializes in prototype development.

Roman Cheng, a broker working for Chinese steel companies, said China's demand for scrap metal would remain strong. He has sent more than 100 containers to China in the past two months using Frankel's machine, and has gotten executives from China Shipping Group, a large state-owned shipping company, to visit Frankel's yard to see the device in operation.

When Frankel first tried to ship scrap overseas, it took three people about four hours to load one container using a crane and a backhoe. Backhoe operators, who had to make repeated trips into the container to fill it, complained about breathing exhaust fumes. During the loading process, the metal pieces would bang against the container, damaging the walls and floor. On a good day, just three or four containers left the yard for the port.

That frustration inspired Frankel's machine, which is deceptively simple to see in operation. A truck carrying a container backs up to the machine, which consists of a metal box sitting on a track powered by a small engine. A crane loads scrap into the box and the machine slides the box in and out of the container, depositing the scrap metal. A crane operator and someone operating the machine can load 20 containers a day.

Frankel also hopes to lease or sell the machine to scrap-yard companies that could become regional hubs for collecting and loading containers. For customers to shell out at least $150,000 for his machine, he needs to demonstrate that it can be successfully replicated and withstand thousands of hours of wear and tear.

Evelyn Iritani writes for the Los Angeles Times.

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