Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

August 15, 2005

David Lange, 63, a former New Zealand prime minister and architect of the nation's anti-nuclear policy that strained relations with the United States, died Saturday of complications from kidney failure at a hospital in the northern city of Auckland, his family said.

Mr. Lange, a Labor prime minister from 1984 to 1989, defied the United States and other Western allies in 1985 by banning nuclear arms and nuclear-powered ships from New Zealand territory and waters. The ban is still in effect.

He also is credited with giving his nation of 4 million its most radical economic overhaul in an attempt to open its markets. Though he was forced from power in 1989 by his own lawmakers, the National Party that took over the next year continued his economic program.

Mr. Lange's government also abolished farm and export subsidies and privatized state-run enterprises such as the railroad and telecommunications - which cost thousands of jobs.

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