After the court clerk announced the jury's "not guilty" verdict to each charge of child abuse against Michael Jackson, many people argued over whether the system was broken.
The system they were debating was the legal one - not the Internet, which has made major strides over the past decade in being able to shoulder major breaking news like the Jackson trial verdict.
Seven years ago, news and government sites choked when thousands of people tried to download the report from Independent Counsel Kenneth W. Starr about President Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky. But events that followed - the billions of dollars invested in broadband capacity during the dot-com mania and the Sept. 11 attack that altered how Web sites respond to major news - have resulted in a much more nimble and reliable medium.
The Michael Jackson verdict created no Web traffic jams, reported Keynote Systems Inc., a California company that manages and measures Internet performance, even as sites such as CNN.com reported their busiest news day this year. Nearly 6.9 million people accessed CNN.com the night of the Jackson verdict, about 1 million more than after the U.S. launched war on Iraq in 2003, said comScore Media Metrix, an Internet research firm.
"The system itself ... is more robust. The routers are smarter, the caching systems are smarter," said Harrison "Lee" Rainie, director of the Pew Internet and American Life Project, a research group. "Back in the mid- to late 1990s when the Internet was taking off, a lot of commentary was about `Can the system hold?' The worry has moved in a different direction, about security for the system."
Handling the stress
The test of any communications technology is how it handles stress. The reliability of the landline phone was considered, by many, its greatest characteristic. Wireless phones have transformed society, and yet even the providers recognize the need to be more reliable: Can you hear them now?
The Internet began as a defense project in the Eisenhower administration because leaders feared the telephone system was vulnerable. Scientists set out to create a more redundant, diffuse communications system less centralized than Ma Bell's network. Fears still loom over the Internet about security and viruses such as the "MyDoom" worm that infected millions of computers last year, but concerns about the network's ability to respond to spikes in traffic have abated.
Perhaps the greatest transformation in recent years has been the growth in high-speed broadband - essentially bigger "pipes" that can carry more voice, video and data. High-speed lines in the United States grew to 35 million last year, up seven-fold from 5 million in 2000, according to the most recent data from the Federal Communications Commission.
Providers and consumers have gotten smarter about the technology. Some experts envision a more active, intuitive Internet that will make today's still mostly static, point-and-click screens seem like early black-and-white television.
"We're a little past the `Mr. Watson, come here, I need you' stage," said Paul Sagan, referring to Alexander Graham's Bell's first words transmitted by phone in 1876, "Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you."
Sagan's company, Akamai Technologies Inc., has spread 16,000 computer servers around the world to speed connections to hundreds of Web sites. Akamai prospered after the event seen as pivotal in the life of Internet news - the Sept. 11 attack that also claimed the life of the company's co-founder. Daniel Lewin, 31, was on American Airlines Flight 11 that crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center.
His partner in creating the Cambridge, Mass., company, Tom Leighton, cultivated his thinking about managing the Web during the mid-1990s while he worked down a hall at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from Tim Berners-Lee, credited as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
The events that have taxed the young Internet read like a time capsule unearthed from recent years - the Victoria's Secret online fashion show that overwhelmed America Online in 1999, the Harry Potter phenomenon, and consumers clamoring for relief from telemarketers on the "Do Not Call" list. Online holiday shopping also stumbled early on but has performed better in recent years. Online sales doubled between 2000 and 2004, to $23 billion.
When a colleague suggested to Dan Hess last Monday that he summon live video of Michael Jackson traveling to hear the verdict in his trial, Hess' mind raced back to another famous celebrity trial in California a decade earlier. "I was a marketing consultant at a health care company on the East Coast, and there were 15 people crowded around a pocket TV awaiting the O.J. verdict," said Hess, a vice president with comScore Media Metrix. "Fast-forward to 2005, and every individual has this extraordinary ability to tune into live coverage."