Deaths elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

April 23, 2005

James A. Houston, 83, an artist who brought an appreciation of Inuit art to audiences around the world when he lived in the Canadian Arctic in the 1950s and 60s, died Sunday in New London, Conn.

Mr. Houston was a master designer at the renowned Steuben Glass Co. in New York City, where he worked for the past 43 years

Among his best-known works were Arctic Fisherman, a sculpture showing an Inuit fisherman preparing to spear a fish in the water, and Trout & Fly, in which a fish leaps to catch a gold fly.

Mr. Houston was also the author of numerous adult and children's books. His novel White Dawn was turned into a 1974 film starring Louis Gossett Jr.

Clement Meadmore, 76, a sculptor best known for his huge steel structures in abstract shapes, died Tuesday of complications from Parkinson's disease, said Peter Rose, a New York art dealer who represented him.

His structures are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago and other museums.

Saunders Mac Lane, 95, a mathematician at the University of Chicago who helped to develop category theory, an abstract branch of algebra that has applications in computer science and other fields, died April 14 at a hospice in San Francisco.

Dr. Mac Lane wrote and lectured widely about logic, topology and other aspects of mathematics. He began the formulation of category theory in the 1940s. In a seminal paper written in 1945 with Samuel Eilenberg, a mathematician at Columbia University, he laid the foundations of the theory, which provides a framework to show how mathematical structures and families of structures relate to one another.

The theory has applications in linguistics, mathematical physics, and computer science. It is often described as having created a universal language for mathematicians.

Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, 81, a Scottish sculptor and a pioneer of pop art in Britain, died yesterday, his family said. He had been confined to a wheelchair since suffering brain damage from a serious illness four years ago.

He was drafted in World War II, and after military service, he studied at London's St. Martin's college and Slade School of Art. After the war he lived in Paris, where he was influenced by surrealist and avant-garde artists.

In the 1950s, he was an influential member of the London-based Independent Group, forerunner of the English pop art movement, and his use of magazines and advertising foresaw much of 1960s art.

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