Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

February 28, 2005

Henry A. Grunwald, a Time magazine editor who led the publication's shift from conservatism to a more centrist view before becoming a United States ambassador to Austria, died of heart failure Saturday at his Manhattan home.

As managing editor at Time, he began to give writers bylines and introduced new departments including Behavior, Energy, The Sexes, Economy and Dance. He ordered up Time's 1966 cover asking the question "Is God Dead?"

After 11 years as managing editor, Mr. Grunwald served as editor-in-chief of all Time Inc. publications - including Fortune, Sports Illustrated, People and Money - until retirement in 1987.

He was appointed U.S. ambassador to Austria, the country of his birth, by President Ronald W. Reagan and served from 1988 to 1990.

Peter Benenson, 83, who founded Amnesty International more than four decades ago, died Friday from pneumonia at a hospital near London.

He began his human rights campaigns as a boy in support of Spanish civil war orphans and Jews fleeing Hitler's Germany. In 1961, at age 40, he founded Amnesty International after reading an article about the arrest and imprisonment of two students in a cafe in Lisbon, Portugal, who had drunk a toast to liberty.

He initially envisioned Amnesty as a one-year campaign, but it went on to become the world's largest independent human-rights organization. Based in London, it has more than 1.8 million members and supporters worldwide.

Harry M. Simeone, 94, a conductor and arranger whose choral singers helped popularize Christmas evergreens such as "The Little Drummer Boy," died Tuesday at a hospital in New York City.

Mr. Simeone, who spent a career working with headliners such as Fred Waring and Bing Crosby, became known on his own in the late 1950s with the Harry Simeone Chorale. Its recordings of Christmas songs sold in the hundreds of thousands and were ubiquitous in homes and public places.

The most successful was his group's rendition of "The Little Drummer Boy," adapted from a Czech carol. The group had another Christmas hit with "Do You Hear What I Hear?" written by Noel Regney and Gloria Shayne in 1962.

Simone Simon, 93, the French actress best known to American audiences for her role in the 1942 RKO horror film Cat People, died Tuesday in Paris. In Cat People she played a Serbian-born wife who fears that when her passions are aroused she will turn into a murderous panther. She also appeared in a sequel, The Curse of the Cat People, in 1944.

Tom Patterson, 84, who founded the Stratford Festival of Canada, an acclaimed Shakespearean theater, died Wednesday in a Toronto hospital after a long illness.

When the theater company in southwestern Ontario was launched in 1953, he managed to attract the well-known Shakespearean director Tyrone Guthrie.

In his book, First Stage: The Makings of the Stratford Festival, Mr. Patterson said he believed that part of the festival's success was its scenic location along the banks of the Avon River, where theatergoers frequently picnic before performances.

David F. Bradford, 66, a Princeton University economics professor and former presidential adviser, died Tuesday from injuries suffered in a fire at his Princeton, N.J., home two weeks earlier.

He had been a member of Princeton's faculty since 1966 and was an authority on taxation. He served under Presidents Gerald R. Ford, Ronald W. Reagan and George H.W. Bush. He was a member of President Bush's Council of Economic Advisers from 1991 to 1993 and was deputy assistant secretary for tax policy in the Treasury Department in 1975 and 1976.

At the Treasury, Mr. Bradford played a key role in the study that resulted in the publication of "Blueprints for Basic Tax Reform," regarded as a precursor to the major income tax reforms enacted in 1986.

S. Ernest Vandiver, 86, who won office as Georgia governor vowing that "no, not one" black child would integrate a Georgia classroom but went on to preside over peaceful desegregation, died Feb. 21 in Lavonia, Ga.

Governor from 1959 to 1963, he had been elected on an anti-integration platform but at a critical moment persuaded lawmakers to repeal a law requiring schools to be closed rather than desegregated.

His stand was credited with sparing the state the turbulence that swept much of the rest of the South in that period, but it cost him political support. He left office in 1963 when his four-year term ended, and said later that keeping the schools open was "my political suicide."

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