Terror convictions tossed out at officials' request

2 Moroccan immigrants still in custody on charges of document fraud


DETROIT -- A federal judge threw out the terrorism convictions of two Arab immigrants yesterday, undoing what the Justice Department once proclaimed its first major courtroom victory in the war on terror.

The department requested the dismissal this week in an extraordinary filing that savaged its own legal strategy against what it had earlier characterized as a clandestine sleeper cell plotting acts of terror.

The judge, Gerald E. Rosen, acceded to the government's request for a new trial only on document fraud charges, ending the terrorism case against the men, Abdel-Ilah Elmardoudi, 38, and Karim Koubriti, 26, both from Morocco.

The judge was sharply critical of the prosecutor who once led the case, Richard G. Convertino, accusing him of a pattern of misconduct.

"Although prosecutors and others entrusted with safeguarding us through the legal system clearly must be innovative and think outside the conventional envelope in enforcing the law and prosecuting terrorists, they must not act outside the Constitution," Rosen said in his decision.

"Unfortunately," he added, "that is precisely what has occurred in the course of this case."

While criticizing Convertino, Rosen praised those who replaced him and disowned the case.

Elmardoudi and Koubriti remain in custody. A third Moroccan man, Ahmed Hannan, 36, was released this year to a halfway house on an electronic tether. He was originally convicted of document fraud. A fourth man was acquitted of all charges last year.

Three of the men were picked up in a raid six days after the Sept. 11 attacks. The group was eventually accused of forming a terrorist cell based in Detroit and collecting intelligence for terrorist plots.

But Rosen said prosecutors developed a theory early on about what happened "and then simply ignored or avoided any evidence or information which contradicted or undermined that view."

The judge's comments echoed the Justice Department's sharp rebuke of Convertino, who was removed from the case late last year and is being investigated for misconduct. The department said in its court filing that Convertino withheld a substantial amount of evidence from the court that undermined every critical aspect of his terrorism case.

Lawyers for Convertino, who is suing the department, have vigorously disputed that he knowingly withheld significant evidence and said that the department is retaliating against him for cooperating with a congressional inquiry into the nation's anti-terrorism strategy.

Rosen said in his decision that "the prosecution materially misled the court, the jury and the defense as to the nature, character and complexion of critical evidence that provided important foundations for the prosecution's case."

Though the government's filing, and the judge, found fault overwhelmingly with Convertino, some legal observers saw other problems.

"The case fits into a broader pattern of the Ashcroft Justice Department overplaying its hand in terror cases and making broad allegations of terror without the evidence to back it up," said David Cole, a law professor at Georgetown University.

Rosen, who was nominated to the federal court by the first President Bush, praised the prosecutor who led a nine-month post-trial review of the case, Craig S. Morford. Morford was dispatched from the federal prosecutor's office in Cleveland last year to lead the review, which was ordered by Rosen after the government revealed evidence not disclosed before or during the trial.

Last month, Morford was appointed the top federal attorney in Detroit after Jeffrey G. Collins, who led the office during the prosecution of the case, resigned.

"In the court's view," Rosen said, "the position the government has now taken, confessing prosecutorial error and acquiescing in most of the relief sought by the defendants, is not only the legally and ethically correct decision, it is in the highest and best tradition of Department of Justice attorneys."

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