Deaths Elsewhere

August 08, 2004

Philip S. Holzman,

82, a psychologist and researcher at Harvard University whose studies of schizophrenia led to a more detailed understanding of mental disease, died June 1 at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.

The cause was a stroke after surgery, said a son, Carl Holzman, of Chicago.

In a career that meshed clinical psychology with laboratory neuroscience, Dr. Holzman founded the McLean Hospital Psychology Research Laboratory in Belmont, Mass., in 1977. He directed the laboratory, which is affiliated with Harvard, until his death.

Building on earlier observations of eye movements in schizophrenic patients, Dr. Holzman noted that some patients and their healthy relatives exhibited troubles in following moving objects within their vision. He developed random-dot tests and other methods to measure the dysfunction, called eye tracking, as an entry to examine the broader genetic causes underlying mental disease.

Philip H. Abelson,

91, a versatile scientist, editor and administrator who helped discover the element neptunium and later chronicled laboratory advances as editor of the journal Science, died Aug. 1 in Bethesda of pneumonia.

Dr. Abelson's interests spanned chemistry, geology, biology and medicine, but it was as a physicist that he aided in the discovery of neptunium, the 93rd element in the periodic table, in 1940.

In 1962, Dr. Abelson embarked on a different aspect of his career when he became the editor of Science, a post he held for more than two decades, until 1982. He wrote more than 500 editorials on subjects that ranged from medical research to national energy policies, and contributed to the journal until recently.

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