Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

May 03, 2004

Joseph F. Cullman III, 92, the Philip Morris executive who became the cigarette industrys chief defender against the anti-tobacco movement, died Friday at a New York City hospital.

Mr. Cullman, who smoked for many years but eventually quit, retired as chairman and chief executive in 1978, but for years remained as chairman emeritus, lobbying legislators and defending cigarettes at congressional hearings.

In 1971, when the government banned cigarette advertising on television, he said in an interview: I do not believe that cigarettes are hazardous to ones health. In response to a question about a study that found smoking mothers gave birth to smaller babies than nonsmoking mothers, he said: Some women would prefer having smaller babies.

He helped lead the company to become a corporate superpower, acquiring companies such as General Foods, Kraft and Nabisco Holdings. Under Mr. Cullman, the company became a large supporter of tennis and the arts. He was a tennis enthusiast and helped start a womens pro tour in 1970. He had been president of the International Tennis Hall of Fame since 1982 and served as chairman from 1985 to 1988.

Dr. Clayton S. White, 91, a medical researcher who studied the effects of nuclear blasts on people, died April 26 in Albuquerque, N.M., at the Lovelace Medical Center, which he helped establish in 1947.

Dr. White, known as Sam, achieved fame in physiology while his younger brother, Supreme Court Justice Byron R. White, made his mark in jurisprudence. Like Justice White, Dr. White was a football star at the University of Colorado and a Rhodes scholar. Their nearly identical paths diverged sharply after attending Oxford University in England.

Dr. White developed the field of blast biology, the study of how explosions affect people immediately and over time. His studies, many of which were classified, helped determine how to aim atomic bombs, treat blast victims and improve bomb shelters. Until his work, most medical research had centered on radiation and heat rather than on the percussive effects. Dr. White concentrated on the fact that the earliest atomic weapons were detonated above the ground to maximize their destructive power.

Bert Pfeiffer, 88, a retired University of Montana zoology professor and social activist who played a key role in warning the public about the hazards of nuclear fallout, died April 24 in Missoula, Mont.

Although public officials tried to silence his research about the radiation hazards of atomic bomb testing in Nevada in the late 1950s, he and other scientists continued their anti-nuclear crusade in the 1960s and 1970s.

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