Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

March 26, 2004

Edward G. Zubler, a General Electric Co. research chemist who developed the halogen lamp in 1959, died Saturday at a Cleveland hospital after his heart stopped during recovery from surgery for a herniated disc.

A decorated combat medic in Europe during World War II, Mr. Zubler began experimenting with halogen lighting technology when he joined the companys lighting research laboratory in 1953.

I was assigned to the project and told see whats going on, see whats making it work or not work, Mr. Zubler told the Smithsonian Institution, which lists his work among 20th-century inventions. Frederick Mosby later joined Mr. Zubler on the halogen project.

By adding a halogen gas, Mr. Zubler improved on standard incandescent bulbs, which include a filament made of a chemical called tungsten. In an incandescent light bulb, chemical reactions with the tungsten caused deposits to form inside and affected how much light could shine through.

Halogen eliminated the particles, recycled the tungsten deposits and made for a longer-lasting light bulb.

Halogen lamps continue to be used for automobile headlights, floodlights and stage and studio lighting. Mr. Zubler earned numerous patents and awards for his work in advancing lighting technology. GE honored him in 1973 for his contributions to the science and technology of halogen lamps.

Arthur Lithgow, 88, a producer and director who was a pioneer in American regional theater, specializing in Shakespeare, died Tuesday at his home in Amherst, Mass.

The cause was congestive heart failure, said his son, actor John Lithgow.

Mr. Lithgow first appeared on stage in December 1920 at age 5 as a cherub in a Christmas pageant at the Unitarian Church in Melrose, Mass. He made his New York City debut in November 1938, as a soldier in Jacques Devals anti-Nazi drama, Lorelei.

But his long-lasting theatrical achievements came through his work in regional theater around the country, in creating new theater programs or taking charge of older ones.

He established the Antioch Shakespeare Festival, eventually known as Shakespeare Under the Stars, at his alma mater, Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, in 1952; he was artistic director until 1957. By the early 1960s, it had moved and had grown into the Great Lakes Shakespeare Festival in Lakewood, Ohio. He was the artistic director of the McCarter Theater in Princeton, N.J., where he staged classic and original plays, from 1963 to 1971.

He later worked at the Brattleboro Center for the Performing Arts in Vermont, at the University of South Florida at Tampa, and in Ithaca, N.Y., where he was co-founder of the Ithaca Theater Guild.

At Antioch, Mr. Lithgow eventually put on productions of every play in the canon, sometimes running as many as seven in a season. Directing and acting in many of these productions, he played Petruchio in The Taming of the Shrew opposite Nancy Marchands Kate, and also played Stephano, Peter Quince, Dr. Caius and Henry IV. The festival drew the praise of major reviewers of the day.

Mildred Millie Jeffrey, 93, whose work on behalf of labor, women, minorities and liberal causes was rewarded with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, died Wednesday at a Detroit-area care facility.

President Bill Clinton presented the Medal of Freedom, the nations highest civilian honor, to Mrs. Jeffrey in August 2000.

In the 1940s, she joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and helped organize Americans for Democratic Action. In the 1960s, she marched with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., James Meredith and other civil rights activists in the Deep South.

During World War II, Mrs. Jeffrey and her husband, Homer, worked in Washington as consultants to the War Labor Board.

When the couple moved to Detroit in 1944, she became director of the newly formed UAW Womens Bureau. She was the first woman to head a UAW department.

She managed Robert F. Kennedys 1968 presidential campaign in Michigan and was instrumental in helping Geraldine Ferraro win the vice presidential nomination on the 1984 Democratic ticket.

Jack Russell, 83, a yo-yo expert whose prowess with the toy led to the establishment of his yo-yo company, died March 17 in Stuart, Fla.

He built the Jack Russell Co. on a marketing relationship with Coca-Cola to sell millions of yo-yos overseas with the soft-drink giants logos. He sold more than a half-billion yo-yos marketing the Coca-Cola brand.

Mr. Russell started playing with yo-yos as a child in Kentucky. When he was in high school, a representative from the Duncan Co., the best known yo-yo manufacturer in the United States at the time, noticed the young Russells talent as he demonstrated how to use the toy at a local department store. He was hired, and quickly moved up in the company before deciding to start his venture.

Esther M. Johnson, 89, the first woman admitted to a Rotary International club after the organization opened its doors to women in 1986, died Sunday at a convalescent home in Santa Monica, Calif.

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