Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

March 26, 2004

Edward G. Zubler, a General Electric Co. research chemist who developed the halogen lamp in 1959, died Saturday at a Cleveland hospital after his heart stopped during recovery from surgery for a herniated disc.

A decorated combat medic in Europe during World War II, Mr. Zubler began experimenting with halogen lighting technology when he joined the company's lighting research lab in 1953.

"I was assigned to the project and told, `See what's going on, see what's making it work or not work,'" Mr. Zubler told the Smithsonian Institution, which lists his work among 20th- century inventions. Frederick Mosby later joined Mr. Zubler on the halogen project.

By adding a halogen gas, Mr. Zubler improved on standard incandescent bulbs, which include a filament made of a chemical called tungsten. In an incandescent light bulb, chemical reactions with the tungsten caused deposits to form inside and affected how much light could shine through.

Halogen eliminated the particles, recycled the tungsten deposits and made for a longer-lasting light bulb.

Halogen lamps continue to be used for automobile headlights, floodlights and stage and studio lighting.

Arthur Lithgow, 88, a producer and director who was a pioneer in American regional theater, specializing in Shakespeare, died Tuesday at his home in Amherst, Mass.

The cause was congestive heart failure, said his son, actor John Lithgow.

Mr. Lithgow made his New York City debut in 1938, as a soldier in Jacques Deval's anti-Nazi drama, Lorelei.

But his long-lasting theatrical achievements came through his work in regional theater around the country, in creating new theater programs or taking charge of older ones.

He established the Antioch Shakespeare Festival, eventually known as Shakespeare Under the Stars, at his alma mater, Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, in 1952; he was artistic director until 1957. By the early 1960s, it had moved and had grown into the Great Lakes Shakespeare Festival in Lakewood, Ohio. He was the artistic director of the McCarter Theater in Princeton, N.J., where he staged classic and original plays, from 1963 to 1971.

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