Deaths Elsewhere

March 21, 2004

Queen Juliana,

94, who presided over the dismantling of the centuries-old Dutch empire and witnessed the birth of a social revolution during her 32-year reign over the Netherlands, died yesterday at the royal palace in Soestdijk, about 30 miles southeast of Amsterdam, the Dutch government said. Her doctors said she died of pneumonia, combined with a general deterioration of health.

She gave up the title of queen when she abdicated in favor of her daughter Beatrix in 1980.

The Royal Palace was protective of her privacy, but she was known to suffer heart problems and to have been under 24-hour surveillance by two nurses. Her husband, Prince Bernhard, acknowledged in a televised interview in June 2001 that his wife could no longer recognize members of her family.

As queen, she was active in social issues, frequently visiting hospitals, old-age homes and nurseries. She spent days in the southern provinces of Zeeland and South Holland when they were inundated by devastating floods in early 1953.

John "J.J." Jackson,

62, who helped usher in the music-video era in the 1980s as one of the first MTV on-air personalities, died of a heart attack Wednesday in Los Angeles.

His career in broadcasting began in radio. He first gained prominence while working at WBCN in Boston in the late 1960s, then moved in 1971 to Los Angeles where he took over the afternoon radio slot at KLOS.

In the late 1970s, Mr. Jackson worked as a music reporter for KABC-TV. He then went to New York to work for MTV, where his musical knowledge helped ease his transition to a new format for music, said Mark Goodman, who worked with Jackson when MTV launched in 1981. After five years at MTV, he returned to radio in Los Angeles, where most recently he was host of an afternoon program at KTWV.

Dr. Jacob Wayne Streilein,

68, a prominent ophthalmology expert and Harvard Medical School professor who led the Schepens Eye Research Institute at the school for 10 years died Monday in Boston after a brief illness.

Dr. Streilein was a pioneer in the study of the eye's ability to protect itself from the damaging effects of the body's immune system. The aim of such research is to study those properties in hopes of finding treatments or cures for blinding diseases such as macular degeneration and glaucoma.

A former chairman of the microbiology and immunology department at the University of Miami School of Medicine, he helped build Schepens into a premier research center.

Marshall Frady,

64, a civil rights reporter and award-winning television journalist who wrote a controversial biography of George Wallace, died of cancer March 9 in Greenville, S.C.

He wrote for Newsweek, the Saturday Evening Post and Life magazine during the 1960s and 1970s, frequently interviewing the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders. He was chief correspondent for ABC News Close Up from 1979 to 1986, winning an Emmy in 1982 for "Soldiers of the Twilight," a documentary about mercenaries. He was a commentator for Nightline and wrote for The New Yorker, The New York Review of Books and Esquire.

His best-known book was Wallace, published in 1968, when the former Alabama governor was a third-party candidate for president. Other books included Southerners: A Journalist's Odyssey, and biographies of Dr. King, the Rev. Jesse Jackson and the Rev. Billy Graham.

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