Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

December 03, 2003

Clark Kerr, 92, the University of California president who oversaw a massive expansion in the 1960s and influenced higher education policy nationwide, died Monday in Berkeley, Calif.

Dr. Kerr was fired in January 1967 by newly elected Gov. Ronald Reagan for being too soft on student protesters after nearly a decade heading the multicampus university -- a time when California was expanding its public higher-education system. He was part of a group charged by Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Sr. with devising a master plan to accommodate baby boomers headed for college.

The plan, released in 1960, guaranteed a college education for all high school graduates and was widely copied in other states. It created a three-tier system: the elite University of California for the very top high school graduates; California State University campuses for graduates in the top third of their classes; and two-year community colleges open to any high school graduate.

Trouble erupted in 1964, when Berkeley students led the Free Speech Movement, protesting a campus ban on political activities, and that Dec. 2 nearly 800 were arrested at a sit-in.

Dr. Kerr became a lightning rod of controversy when Reagan used the Free Speech Movement in his 1966 gubernatorial campaign, promising to do what Dr. Kerr couldn't -- sweep demonstrators out of Berkeley.

After his ouster, Dr. Kerr cheerfully declared that he left the university as he entered it: "Fired with enthusiasm!"

Last year, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that the FBI had targeted Dr. Kerr as part of an extensive campaign to suppress people at UC deemed subversive. President Lyndon B. Johnson had picked him to become secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. But the FBI background check included damaging information the agency knew to be false, and Johnson withdrew the nomination, according to FBI documents obtained by the paper.

After his firing, Dr. Kerr led the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education until 1973 and was chairman of the Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education from 1974 to 1979. Under Dr. Kerr's direction, the council produced scores of influential studies.

Barber B. Conable Jr., 81, an influential Republican congressman from western New York who as president of the World Bank steered it through a turbulent period of defaults and restructuring, died Sunday of a staph infection at his winter home in Sarasota, Fla.

A lawyer and Marine veteran who fought at Iwo Jima, Mr. Conable represented a largely rural district for 20 years beginning in 1965, and rose to power and respect as the ranking Republican on the Ways and Means Committee.

He had no specific expertise in banking, especially on an international level, or wide experience in management, so it came as a surprise in 1986 when President Ronald Reagan appointed him president of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, commonly known as the World Bank.

With his influence deployed in Congress, the United States went along with the bank's other lender states in nearly doubling its available capital. Among his accomplishments was moving the bank toward market-oriented policies to relieve poverty around the world, the development of programs aimed at benefiting the economic activities of women, and opening a department to ensure that environmental issues be considered in projects financed by the bank.

Edmund L. Hartmann, 92, who wrote zany film comedies for Bob Hope, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, the Three Stooges, Lucille Ball, and Abbott and Costello, died Friday at his home in Santa Fe, N.M.

His Bob Hope scripts included Paleface (1948), Sorrowful Jones (1949), Fancy Pants (1950) and The Lemon Drop Kid (1951).

As a television writer-producer, Mr. Hartmann created My Three Sons for Fred MacMurray, and a Henry Fonda TV series, The Smith Family.

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