Almanac

Almanac

December 01, 2003

Dec. 1

1913: The first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh.

1942: Nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States.

1943: President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference.

1955: Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus. Parks was arrested, sparking a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.

1965: An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland.

1969: The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.

1998: Exxon agreed to buy Mobil for $73.7 billion.

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