Deaths Elsewhere

April 24, 2003

Teddy Edwards,

78, a deft and soulful saxophonist who was a mainstay of the Southern California jazz scene and played what is said to be the first recorded bebop solo on tenor saxophone, died of prostate cancer Sunday in Los Angeles.

A fixture in Los Angeles jazz for more than a half-century, Mr. Edwards was relatively unknown elsewhere, although he had a following in Europe. Unlike Dexter Gordon, his friend and a fellow Los Angeles tenor saxophonist, he never felt the urge to move to New York.

While working with trumpeter Howard McGhee, he switched from alto saxophone to tenor and on a 1946 record called "Up in Dodo's Room" he played what jazz historians have called the first solo on that instrument in the complex new bebop style. He was soon performing regularly on Central Avenue, the jazz strip in Los Angeles, and recording frequently as a leader.

Mr. Edwards' "Blues in Teddy's Flat," recorded in 1948, became the Dial label's biggest hit and something of a jazz standard, although he said the only money he ever made from it was the $41 and change he was paid for the session.

Edgar F. "Ted" Codd,

a mathematician and computer scientist who laid the theoretical foundation for relational databases, the standard method by which information is organized in and retrieved from computers, died of heart failure Friday at his home in Williams Island, Fla.

Computers can store vast amounts of data. But before Mr. Codd's work found its way into commercial products, electronic databases were "completely ad hoc and higgledy-piggledy," said Chris Date, a database expert and former business partner of Mr. Codd.

His idea, based on mathematical set theory, was to store data in cross-referenced tables, allowing the information to be presented in multiple permutations. For instance, a user could ask the computer for a list of all baseball players from both the National League and the American League with batting averages over .300.

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