The Week That Was

April 20, 2003

The War

Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit fell with little resistance, ending major military action in Iraq.

President Bush asked the United Nations to lift economic sanctions on Iraq.

The terror threat level was lowered to yellow.

Baghdad remained without electricity as U.S. troops and some Iraqi police began patrols to control widespread looting.

Armed Kurds, many of whom faced forced relocations under Hussein's regime, were forcing Arabs to leave their homes in northern Iraq.

Experts concluded that the looting of Iraq's National Museum in Baghdad was done by organized thieves working for international smugglers.

Seven U.S. prisoners of war, taken when their supply convoy made a wrong turn near Nasiriyah, were found alive in a hospital south of Tikrit.

Top administration officials warned Syria not to provide a haven for officials of Hussein's regime and accused it of having chemical weapons.

A DNA sample that could help identify any remains of Hussein was obtained by U.S. officials.

Iraqi resistance groups met in Nasiriyah with retired U.S. Gen. Jay Garner - the Bush administration's choice to run postwar Iraq - in the first gathering to talk about a future government.

Margaret D. Tutweiler, Defense Department spokeswoman during the 1991 gulf war, temporarily left her post as ambassador to Iraq to take over public relations duties in postwar Iraq.

The Bechtel Group was awarded a contract that could be worth as much as $680 million to work on the reconstruction of Iraq.

Washington-based Creative Associates International won a $62 million contract to improve primary and secondary education in Iraq.

Two of Hussein's top science advisers and one of his half-brothers were captured by U.S. authorities.

The U.S. Army will occupy Baghdad and northern Iraq, while Marines will be responsible for southern Iraq.

Demonstrators in Baghdad supported making Iraq an Islamic state and called on U.S. troops to leave.

Abu Dhabi TV showed what it said was tape of Saddam Hussein on the streets of Baghdad on April 9, a day before U.S. troops entered the city.

American forces released more than 900 Iraqi POWs and still hold 6,850.

The World

Scientists identified a virus linked to the common cold as the cause of SARS.

After a compromise between the United States and North Korea led to an agreement to hold talks in Beijing with Chinese representatives present, North Korea said it is producing plutonium from spent nuclear fuel rods.

German radio maker Grundig declared bankruptcy.

Victims of abuse under South Africa's apartheid system will receive one-time reparation payments of $4,000, President Thabo Mbeki announced.

Ten countries, most in Eastern Europe, signed treaties to join the European Union next year.

The killer of Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn received an 18-year prison term.

Poland agreed to buy 48 U.S-made Lockheed Martin F-16 jet fighters for $3.5 billion.

A 14-year investigation by British officials concluded that Northern Ireland police and British Army intelligence helped Protestant guerrillas kill Roman Catholics in the late 1980s.

Liberal Russian lawmaker Sergei N. Yushenkov was shot and killed in Moscow a few hours after registering his new political party.

The Nation

The initial recommendations of the Columbia accident board call for NASA to improve inspections of heat-resistant materials on space shuttle wings.

Best-selling diet author Robert Atkins died of injuries from a fall on ice April 8.

Charles E. Taylor, the president of Morris Brown College, resigned after he failed to win re-accreditation for the financially troubled historically black school in Atlanta.

Pollutants in emissions from diesel engines in non-highway vehicles such as bulldozers and farm equipment would be reduced by more than 90 percent under a Bush administration proposal.

Maverick Republican Sen. Peter Fitzgerald of Illinois said he would not seek a second term.

President Bush scaled back his tax cut proposal from $726 billion over 10 years to $550 billion.

The Hubble Space Telescope photographed images believed to be a rare "light echo," the illumination of an expanding cloud of dust by a mysterious emission of light from a star 20,000 light-years from Earth.

Roy Williams left as basketball coach at Kansas to take that job at his alma mater, the University of North Carolina.

Michael Jordan retired for the third time, losing in his final game as a Washington Wizard.

The Region

Baltimore Mayor Martin O'Malley told the city fire chief, who planned to enforce a ban on candlelight dinners, to work out a compromise with restaurants.

Clarence W. Blount, Maryland's first black legislator to become Senate majority leader, died at 81.

The first Baltimore County budget by Executive James T. Smith dips into county reserves to avoid a tax increase.

Baltimore lost 6,691 people from July 2001 to July 2002, according to Census Bureau figures.

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