Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

March 24, 2003

William W. Putney, 83, a Marine Corps officer who trained and led war dogs during the World War II campaign on the Pacific island of Guam and wrote of their heroism in his popular book Always Faithful, died Tuesday of cancer at his home in Los Angeles.

The retired veterinarian always credited his wartime survival to a Doberman Pinscher named Cappy and other canines he trained. He received a Silver Star for his bravery on Guam.

Dr. Putney helped pioneer training techniques that converted pets into scouts, messengers and sentries, and then return them to pet status at war's end.

Taking dogs recruited from families, Dr. Putney conditioned them to gunfire and other loud battle noise and taught them to warn of hidden enemies not by barking but by silently pointing their bodies or pricking their ears. He also trained dogs to deliver messages and sniff out land mines and trip wires.

After the war, Dr. Putney became chief veterinarian of the Marine Corps and desensitized the war dogs, turning them over to their original families or to their handlers for deserved pampering. Only four of the 559 still on the rolls in 1945 had to be destroyed because war had rendered them incorrigible and unfit pets.

Melvin Bradley,

83, an expert on the long-eared, broad-backed Missouri mule, died March 14 in Boone Hospital Center in Columbia, Mo., of complications after surgery.

Mr. Bradley, a University of Missouri professor of animal science from 1948 to 1990, published his two-volume, 600-page book The Missouri Mule: His Origin and Times, in 1994. He spoke from practical as well as scholarly knowledge. He was born on a mule farm near Kaiser, Mo.

"We bred 'em and broke 'em and worked 'em and sold 'em, and I found that the mule has so much more personality than a horse," he said in 2001, when mules were being showcased at the Missouri State Fair in Sedalia. "A mule is highly intelligent. He will outsmart you."

Mr. Bradley also found that mules could and would work longer, harder and in greater heat than horses. They were used extensively in the 19th century for farm work, mining, drilling and pumping oil in Oklahoma and Texas, hauling borax from California's Death Valley and moving other heavy freight across rugged terrain.

After Mr. Bradley's urging, the Missouri Legislature formally designated the mule as the official state animal in 1995.

Thomas P. Ryan Jr.,

74, the mayor of Rochester, N.Y., during two decades of fiscal challenges and urban redevelopment, died March 14 of pancreatic cancer in Rochester.

As mayor from 1974 to 1994, Mr. Ryan raised professionalism in City Hall by discouraging patronage and the solicitation of campaign contributions from contractors. He tried to stem population decline by rebuilding the downtown commercial district and city neighborhoods.

Mr. Ryan was the city's first "strong mayor" since the 1920s. In 1984, voters approved a measure to end the city's council-manager government, in which the city manager was the chief administrative officer and the City Council chose the mayor. After years as the appointed mayor, Mr. Ryan, who favored the change, was directly elected to the post in 1985.

He was known for his ability to collaborate with political opponents. When a series of taxpayer lawsuits in the 1970s determined that Rochester and other upstate cities had exceeded constitutional tax limits, Mr. Ryan, a Democrat, worked with Republican leaders to save the city from bankruptcy.

Elliott Jaques,

86, a psychoanalyst and management consultant whose studies led to controversial ideas about work and theories about midlife crisis, died March 8 in Gloucester, Mass., of an infection that damaged his heart.

Mr. Jaques, a Toronto native and Massachusetts resident, was trained by Austrian psychoanalyst Melanie Klein, who pioneered the psychoanalysis of children. He practiced for many years in London before developing an interest in industrial organizations. He was an early member of the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations, a British research organization founded in the 1940s.

In the early 1960s, his study of the careers of artistic geniuses such as Dante and Gauguin led to his discovery of a common pattern of midlife turmoil, which he described in "Death and the Midlife Crisis," published in 1965 in the International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Considered a classic in psychology and required reading in many college courses, the paper was a major influence on the writers who popularized the term "midlife crisis" in the 1970s.

Geraldo Franca de Lima,

89, novelist and member of Brazil's Academy of Letters, died Friday in Rio de Janeiro of organ failure.

Mr. Franca de Lima died after a long battle against diabetes. He was hospitalized for two months in the Clinica Sao Jose in Rio de Janeiro.

He wrote 12 novels, among them Branca Bela, Rio da Vida and Serras Azuis, which was adapted into a television soap opera by the Rede Bandeirantes television network in 1998.

Umar Wirahadikusumah,

79, who was vice president under former Indonesian dictator Suharto for five years in the 1980s, died Friday in Jakarta, Indonesia, after complaining of heart trouble, doctors said.

Mr. Wirahadikusumah, a retired army general, was admitted to the army's Gatot Subroto Hospital in Jakarta on March 5, said Brig. Gen. Budi Utoyo, the hospital's director.

He served as Indonesia's deputy head of state under Suharto from 1983 to 1988. Before that, Mr. Wirahadikusumah was chief of the Jakarta army garrison during a murky series of events that led to an abortive coup Sept. 30, 1965. The plot was used by Suharto as a pretext for launching an attack on the Communist Party and replacing Indonesia's founding President Sukarno.

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