Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

February 19, 2003

Isser Harel, 91, an Israeli spymaster who directed the capture of Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann in 1960, died Tuesday in a hospital near Tel Aviv.

Mr. Harel was one of the founders of Mossad -- an intelligence agency that achieved international renown -- and served as its head from 1952 to 1963. He was also the first director of the Shin Bet internal security agency.

One of the tasks of the Mossad in its first years was to track down leaders of the Nazi regime responsible for the killing of 6 million Jews in the Holocaust of World War II. A prime target was Eichmann, Adolf Hitler's top aide, responsible for implementing what the Nazis called the "final solution" -- the murder of all the Jews in Europe.

In his 1975 book, The House on Garibaldi Street, Mr. Harel related how Israeli agents tracked Eichmann to Buenos Aires. Mossad agents abducted Eichmann, spirited him aboard the plane and flew him to Israel before Argentine authorities were alerted.

In 1961, Eichmann was put on trial in Israel. Sitting unrepentant in a glass enclosure, Eichmann heard survivors relate the horrors of the Nazi concentration and death camps. Convicted of mass murder, Eichmann was executed.

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