A `coalition of the willing' contributes to force

February 14, 2003|By Sun staff writer Tom Bowman

Countries that have offered or are considering assistance to a U.S.-led coalition.

Britain: Has deployed 42,000 troops to the gulf region. Contingent also includes Royal Marines, 100 fixed-wing aircraft and 27 helicopters.

Australia: Has deployed about 2,000 military personnel, including special forces, and F-18 attack aircraft, cargo planes and helicopters.

Denmark: Offered to send the submarine Saelen and special forces if the Security Council supports military action.

Italy: Opened airspace and bases to U.S. military. Italian officials have mentioned the possibility of humanitarian assistance and logistical help.

Poland: Sent one ship to the Arabian Sea with marines and special forces. Talks continue about other military assistance.

Portugal: Allows U.S. military planes to refuel at its base in the Azores. Contributions to a U.S.-led coalition are to be decided.

Spain: Allows U.S. military aircraft and Navy ships access to bases at Rota and Moron.

Latvia: Agreed to overflight rights and may offer "military doctors or special units."

Lithuania: Agreed to open airspace and airports for allied military aircraft, and could provide medical and logistics units.

Slovakia: Plans to deploy a radiation, chemical and biological protection unit to the gulf.

Slovenia: Is willing to allow overflight and transit rights to allied forces, and is considering other unspecified requests.

Bulgaria: Approved a U.S. request for logistical support, including a 150-member chemical, biological protection unit. Agrees to overflights and the stationing of up to 18 allied aircraft and 400 soldiers.

Romania: Approved overflight rights and agreed to send noncombat troops, including engineers, military police and medical teams.

Albania: Approved overflights and has allowed the United States to use its bombing ranges for two aircraft carrier groups, USS Harry Truman and USS George Washington.

Croatia: Has said it can offer logistical aid but has declined to disclose details.

Macedonia: Is discussing opening airfields, military bases and bombing ranges to allied forces, and may consider peacekeeping troops in the aftermath of an allied attack on Iraq.

Czech Republic: Sent 350 soldiers from a chemical-biological protection unit to Camp Doha, Kuwait, to act in support role.

Hungary: Allowed the United States to train hundreds of Iraqi opposition forces at a military base in Taszar.

Egypt: Allows U.S. military aircraft to refuel.

Jordan: Allows Patriot missile batteries operated by U.S. soldiers to protect the kingdom and has agreed to overflights and the launching of rescue efforts. U.S. Special Forces stationed there would slip into Iraq to try to destroy Scud missiles in the western desert, Pentagon officials say.

Saudi Arabia: Allows the stationing of about 4,500 troops as well as U.S. aircraft, from surveillance and reconnaissance planes to cargo jets and fighter aircraft, though it will not allow attacks from its soil. An air operations center at Prince Sultan Air Base, staffed by U.S. personnel, would be the nerve center for an air campaign in Iraq.

Turkey: Agreed to the stationing of 35,000 U.S. troops as a "northern front." Is upgrading ports and airfields to prepare for the troops. Has opened up bases, such as Incirlik, which is expected to have up to 100 U.S. attack and support aircraft.

Kuwait: Jumping-off point for part of the attack into Iraq, with tens of thousands of U.S. and allied forces, including the 3rd Infantry Division and 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. The country is headquarters for the U.S. Army's V Corps from Germany, which would command most Army units. Kuwait is also host to scores of U.S. helicopters and attack aircraft, including the anti-tank A-10 Thunderbolt II.

Qatar: To be headquarters for U.S. Central Command, led by Gen. Tommy Franks. Thousands of U.S. troops and dozens of aircraft are stationed there. A backup air operations center at Al-Udeid Air Base is similar to the one in Saudi Arabia, and the country has built a 15,000-foot runway.

Bahrain: Headquarters for the U.S. 5th Fleet, which covers the Persian Gulf region, and host to more than 5,000 U.S. military personnel.

United Arab Emirates: Allows its territory as a refueling point for U.S. naval vessels and is host to about 1,200 U.S. personnel.

Oman: Allows the basing of more than 2,700 U.S. service members and a number of U.S. bombers.

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