Deaths Elsewhere

Deaths Elsewhere

October 14, 2002

Charles Guggenheim, 78, one of the country's most honored and prolific documentary filmmakers and winner of four Academy Awards, died of pancreatic cancer Wednesday in Washington.

A pioneer director of political campaign television commercials and films, he was media director for the presidential campaigns of Adlai E. Stevenson, Robert F. Kennedy, George McGovern and Edward M. Kennedy.

Mr. Guggenheim began his five-decade career in film in 1952, when he produced TV spots for Stevenson. He went on to direct and produce more than 100 documentaries on a range of subjects from construction of the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the refurbishing of the Statue of Liberty to remembering D-Day and chronicling hate crimes in the United States.

He won Oscars for Nine From Little Rock (1964), about the 1957 school integration crisis; Robert Kennedy Remembered (1968), a film biography completed in six weeks after the senator's assassination in June 1968 and shown at the Democratic National Convention; The Johnstown Flood (1989), which commemorated the 19th-century disaster in Pennsylvania that killed 2,300; and A Time for Justice (1994), the story of the civil rights movement.

Sir Garfield Todd, 93, a former prime minister of Southern Rhodesia, as Zimbabwe was once known, died yesterday in the western city of Bulawayo after suffering a stroke, said his daughter Judith Todd, a Zimbabwean human rights activist.

Prime minister from 1953 to 1958, Mr. Todd backed Zimbabwe's independence for two decades before it was finally granted in 1980. He later became a bitter critic of President Robert Mugabe and earlier this year was stripped of his passport and his right to vote under draconian new citizenship laws.

Born in New Zealand, Mr. Todd arrived in Southern Rhodesia in 1934 as a missionary for the Church of Christ and helped run the Dadaya Mission, a school about 250 miles southwest of the capital, Harare.

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