John Cocke, 77, a computer scientist and researcher for...

Deaths Elsewhere

July 20, 2002

John Cocke,

77, a computer scientist and researcher for IBM who helped develop several innovations, died Tuesday in New York.

Mr. Cocke was the primary designer of a microprocessor that serves as the engine of many large, powerful computers. Computers that use the chip design he pioneered are known as reduced instructionset computers, or RISC.

Seymour Solomon,

80, co-founder of Vanguard Records, a label that dominated American folk music with stars such as Joan Baez, died Thursday in New York.

Mr. Solomon founded Vanguard in 1950 with his brother, Maynard. The label recorded famed artists including Odetta, Baez and Buffy Sainte-Marie. It also signed such jazz and blues legends as Mississippi John Hurt and Buddy Guy and maintained a strong classical list.

Mr. Solomon and his brother sold Vanguard in 1985 to the Welk Record Group, and three years later opened Omega Classics. He later bought back Vanguard's old classical catalog and reissued it on compact disc.

Dean Wheeler,

50, who wed old media with new media at America Online and helped turn its news channel into one of the busiest news sites online, died of cancer Monday in Middleburg, Va. He was 50.

Mr. Wheeler was hired by AOL in 1995 to define how to organize and present news in an aggressive, new way that would distinguish AOL's fledgling news channel. He continued working via modem from the hospital during the final weeks of his life.

He began his career at United Press International in 1972 in Helena, Mont. He went on to work for Reuters America Inc. in Seattle in 1987 and settled into the company's new media division in 1994 in Reston, Va.

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