Alec Campbell, 103, the last living Australian known to...

Deaths Elsewhere

May 18, 2002

Alec Campbell, 103, the last living Australian known to have fought in the bloody World War I Gallipoli campaign - and possibly the last from any nation - died Thursday on the southern island state of Tasmania.

Mr. Campbell lied about his age to enlist at age 16. Nicknamed "The Kid," he arrived in Gallipoli in late November 1915, and by Dec. 20 he was gone in the grand evacuation that ended the campaign.

Australian and New Zealand volunteers formed the backbone of a 200,000-man British-led army that landed at Gallipoli in a failed attempt to capture Istanbul and knock the Ottoman Empire out of the war.

A total of 1 million men fought in the campaign, which Turkish forces turned into a frustrating nine-month battle of attrition. The Allies recorded 55,000 killed, 10,000 missing and 21,000 dead of disease, mainly dysentery. Turkish casualties were estimated at 250,000.

After the war, Mr. Campbell became a builder, served as a senior public servant and gained an economics degree in his 50s.

Jacques Chenet, 58, a former Newsweek photographer whose work included chronicling the life of black Americans, died Sunday of natural causes.

A native of the Bronx borough of New York City, Mr. Chenet joined Newsweek as a photo researcher in 1978 and later became a staff photographer.

While at Newsweek, Mr. Chenet worked on two books, including Songs of My People, a portrait of black America by more than 50 black photographers, and Brothers, which is based on a Newsweek cover story.

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