Melvina Everett, 78, an Arikara elder and oral historian...

Deaths Elsewhere

April 26, 2002

Melvina Everett, 78, an Arikara elder and oral historian from the Three Affiliated Tribes, died in White Shield, N.D., on Sunday of natural causes.

Ms. Everett was active in the Sahnish Culture Society, organized in the early 1990s to preserve and promote the Arikara history and heritage. Affectionately known as Aunt Melfine, she translated Arikara nursery rhymes for children while teaching them the native language she herself was forbidden to speak in school.

The Arikara, Hidatsa and Mandan tribes make up the Three Affiliated Tribes that live on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.

Albert Mangones,

85, an artist and architect whose monumental sculpture, Unknown Fugitive Slave, became a symbol of Haiti, died Thursday of pernicious anemia. He died at his family home in suburban Martissant, said human rights advocate and longtime friend Sylvie Bajeux.

Mr. Mangones studied architecture in Belgium and at Cornell University in the United States.

In 1968, Mr. Mangones designed the bronze Unknown Fugitive Slave, depicting a runaway slave holding a conch shell to his lips in a reminder of the call to rebellion against slave-holding France in 1791, which led to Haitian independence in 1804. It stands on the Champs de Mars, the central plaza in front of the National Palace.

In 1989, the United Nations chose the statue for a series of stamps illustrating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

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