Thomas Kelly, 72, the engineer who oversaw the design...

Deaths Elsewhere

March 28, 2002

Thomas Kelly, 72, the engineer who oversaw the design and construction of the spacecraft that landed Apollo astronauts on the moon, died Saturday in New York after being ill with pulmonary fibrosis for six years.

An engineer with Grumman Aircraft Corp., Mr. Kelly led a team that built the spacecraft that took astronauts to the moon July 20, 1969, and returned them to Earth.

His work led to the creation of the Lunar Excursion Module, a two-stage spacecraft that could take two astronauts to the moon's surface while a third crew member stayed in orbit around the moon in the command module, which would later return them to Earth.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration called him the "father of the lunar module."

Lotte Ulbricht, 98, widow of the East German leader under whose rule the Berlin Wall was built, died overnight at her home in eastern Berlin's Pankow district, where top Communist Party officials once lived, officials of the former Communist Party of Democratic Socialism said yesterday.

She had lived reclusively since her husband, Walter, died in 1973, two years after the hard-line Stalinist was replaced as East German leader by Erich Honecker.

Born Lotte Kuehn in Berlin, Mrs. Ulbricht joined the German Communist Party at age 18 and rose through its ranks in the 1920s, becoming a member of its central committee.

She worked for the Communist International, or Comintern, in Moscow after leaving Germany in the 1930s and remained in the Soviet capital, where she met her husband, until the end of World War II.

They returned to the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany in 1945. Lotte Ulbricht became a secretary to Walter Ulbricht in East Germany's ruling Socialist Unity Party, which he led from 1953 to 1971. The couple married in May 1953.

Melvin Calhoun Ware, 88, a Teletype operator who worked for the Associated Press for 48 years, died Monday in Dallas.

He began working at AP in 1929 in Baltimore, where he was a copy boy and later became a Teletype operator.

He transferred to Dallas in 1944 and retired in 1977.

Dr. Cesar Milstein, 74, the 1984 Nobel Prize winner who created "magic bullets," which revolutionized the pharmaceutical and diagnostics industries, died Sunday in Cambridge, England. The cause was not announced.

In 1975, he and postdoctoral fellow Georges J.F. Kohler invented monoclonal antibodies, biological molecules with unique power and precision. Monoclonal antibodies have the ability to seek out and bind to specific chemicals, ranging from an enzyme in the blood to a cell in a tumor. That ability can be used to measure the concentration of a specific chemical in the bloodstream or carry a cell-killing agent to tumor cells while ignoring other tissues.

Among the powerful new drugs based on monoclonal antibodies are Rituxan, Herceptin and Zevalin to fight cancer, Orthoclone OKT3 and Zenapax to block transplant rejection, ReoPro to prevent blood clots in heart patients, and Remicade to combat rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's disease.

The Argentine expatriate spent most of his research career at Cambridge University in England.

Gonzalo Duran, 78, a Mexican immigrant shoemaker who during four decades built a loyal clientele among flamenco and folklorico dancers by making custom-fit footwear from his home shop, died of heart failure Friday in Los Angeles.

The diminutive shoemaker carved a market niche for himself by catering to the needs of Mexican and Spanish dancers. But he also took custom orders for theatrical costumes and celebrities such as Michael Flatley, the "Lord of the Dance."

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