The Week That Was

November 18, 2001

The Crisis

Eight aid workers, including two Americans, who had been held by the Taliban charged with preaching Christianity were freed from a jail in the Afghan city of Ghanzi and flown to Pakistan by a U.S. military helicopter.

The Red Cross said all of the $543 million it has raised in its Liberty Disaster Fund will go to people affected by the Sept. 11 attacks, instead of reserving up to $200 million for possible victims of future terrorist action.

The Northern Alliance took full control of Kabul as Taliban troops fled. Residents celebrated by shaving beards and playing music -- both forbidden by the Taliban -- but some were wary of the return of warlords who devastated the city between 1992 and 1996.

Pakistan will get a $1 billion aid package, but it will not include F-16 fighters originally purchased in the 1980s but blocked by Congress after details of Pakistan's nuclear program emerged.

The Pentagon said Mohammed Atef, Osama bin Laden's top military aide, was killed in a U.S. airstrike.

Top Hollywood executives met with Bush adviser Karl Rove to discuss the entertainment industry's role in the anti-terror fight.

The Immigration and Naturalization Service will be split into two divisions, one to hand out visas and other immigration documents and the other to enforce the rules.

The House and Senate reached agreement on an airport security measure that makes security personnel federal employees, but allows experimentation with private contractors.

The World

A Protestant youth was killed by a grenade during sectarian clashes in north Belfast. Police said he was trying to throw the grenade at Catholics, but Protestant leaders said Catholics had thrown it, and he was trying to throw it away.

A United Nations conference on a global test ban treaty was boycotted by the U.S. delegation. The treaty was signed by the United States in 1996 but is opposed by the Bush administration, which has no plans to submit it to the Senate for confirmation.

President Bush refused to meet with Yasser Arafat, in New York for United Nations meetings, but did endorse the idea of a Palestinian state, which mollified the Palestinian leader.

Germany stopped paying pensions to 72 World War II veterans accused of war crimes.

Zimbabwe's government banned 1,000 white farmers from cultivating their fields and gave them three months to leave their houses, which would be allocated to 51,000 black families.

Four people were convicted and given 12- to 14-year sentences for a 1986 bombing of a Berlin disco that killed two American soldiers and a Turkish woman. The German court said the bombing was planned by Libya but could not be pinned on its leader, Col. Muammar el Kadafi. A reprisal American bombing of Tripoli targeted Kadafi and killed his son.

The World Trade Organization meetings in Qatar produced an agreement to spend the next three years negotiating lower trade barriers.

North and South Korea broke off talks -- ending plans for cross-border family reunions -- after the North criticized the South for putting its troops on alert as part of its participation in the U.S.-led anti-terror coalition.

Slobodan Milosevic's son Marko has been charged with threatening to cut up a political opponent with a power saw.

The Nation

The first patient to receive a self-contained artificial heart suffered a severe stroke. Robert Tools had a blood clot lodge in the right side of his brain three months after receiving the device.

Russian President Vladimir V. Putin and President Bush ended a summit with promises of nuclear force reduction, but no firm agreements.

Sara Jane Olson, who pleaded guilty last month to conspiring to plant bombs while allied with the Symbionese Liberation Army in 1975, asked to change her plea.

Manny Diaz, a lawyer who made his name representing the relatives of Cuban refugee Elian Gonzalez, was elected mayor of Miami.

A check of Florida votes by a consortium of newspapers shows that Al Gore would have won if the entire state had been recounted, but George W. Bush would have prevailed in a recount of only the counties where Gore sought recounts.

South Carolina Sen. Strom Thurmond was moved into a hospital three weeks before his 99th birthday, but plans to commute to his work on Capitol Hill.

Roman Catholic Bishops elected Wilton D. Gregory, 53, of Illinois as the first African-American president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Rep. Gary Condit received a subpoena for a variety of documents from federal prosecutors investigating the disappearance of Chandra Levy.

Tobacco, food and beer company Philip Morris is changing its name to Altria.

The Region

Brady Anderson will be dropped by the Orioles after 13 years in Baltimore

Clothing magnate Sidney Kimmel gave the Johns Hopkins University its biggest single gift -- $150 million -- for cancer research.

Nelson Mandela told 10,000 at the University of Maryland, College Park, that he strongly backed the war against terrorism, but cautioned against Western assumptions of superiority to Islamic countries.

Mercy Medical Center plans a $110 million expansion of its downtown facility.

Baltimore City government department heads are planning for a 4 percent across-the-board budget reduction.

Johns Hopkins suspended a biologist from experiments involving humans after determining that she did not get permission from Indian patients who were used in a test of an anti-cancer chemical.

The Baltimore Ravens stopped the Tennessee Titans on the one-yard-line on the last play to win their Monday Night Football debut.

Quote

"The real matter is the extinction of America. And, God willing, it will fall to the ground." Taliban leader Mohamed Omar, interviewed by the BBC through an intermediary over a satellite telephone.

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