Facing a war unlike all others

Terrorism: The battles will be different this time from anything we've known - less spectacular military action and more long, quiet struggle, fought at close range.

September 23, 2001|By Michael Hill | Michael Hill,SUN STAFF

At the beginning of the 1970 movie Patton, George C. Scott's title character stands in front of an American flag backdrop and speaks of war.

"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country," Patton says with characteristic bluntness as he turns the cliche on its head. "You win a war by making the other poor bastard die for his country."

Americans eager for a Patton to take this country to victory in the war against terrorism should realize that this is going to be a different kind of fight.

Consider that all the enemy fighters positively identified in this new war have already died, deliberately. Yet we haven't declared victory. The rules don't apply anymore. We don't know if we are fighting an army of 100, 1,000 or 1 million. We don't know where they are, how they are armed, the location of their supply routes.

This war will probably not provide the emotional catharsis of seeing our troops raising the American flag - Iwo Jima-like - above conquered territory.

Even Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld admits he is not sure how to define what's coming. "What we're engaged in is something very, very different from World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the gulf war, Kosovo, or Bosnia, the kinds of things people think of when we use the word `war,' `campaign' or `conflict.' We really are going to have to fashion a new vocabulary and a different construct for thinking about what it is we're doing," he said in a news conference last week.

"I think the word `war' applied to this situation is troublesome," says John Steinbruner, director of the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland, College Park. "The images it conveys are probably all wrong for this situa- tion. Clearly we have to try to contain this threat, but the magnitude and character of it are very uncertain. What will happen is outside the bounds of our previous experience. But we really don't know where the new boundaries are."

Steven David, a political scientist at the Johns Hopkins University, has a different view of the terminology. "This is war," he says. "This is not something from the criminal justice system where we find Osama bin Laden and read him his Miranda rights."

Frederick Starr of Hopkins'School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) agrees. "War is not just a metaphor, it is the appropriate response to these heinous deeds. Anything less would be shameful. That means knocking out and destroying all those immediately responsible for what has happened."

American troops marching through the Khyber Pass headed for the Hindu Kush in search of bin Laden and his followers might provide Patton-like pictures, but the prospects for success are probably little greater than those of the previous military powers that tried such an invasion - the British in the 19th century and the Soviets 20 years ago.

"Hasty military action in Afghanistan would, I think, run a risk," says John Lampe, chair of the department of history at UMCP. "If the risk is justified by really hitting bin Laden himself and other active terrorist groups, then it probably is a justified risk. But it should be recognized as a huge risk."

Bombing the country back to the Stone Age to teach it a lesson about the cost of harboring terrorists also has limited appeal because the Russians and the current Taliban government have basically returned Afghanistan to the Stone Age already. There is a dim prospect of bombs actually finding bin Laden, of doing anything beyond raining terror on an already brutalized population.

Starr of SAIS thinks the focus on Afghanistan is misplaced.

"What is striking about the 19 hijackers is not a single one is Afghani," he says. "What we do know is that the hijackers and their supporters are overwhelmingly from the Arab world, overwhelmingly from states with which we have cordial relations - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the gulf states."

He points out the reason those Arabs are in Afghanistan is that the United State brought them there two decades ago to fight the Soviets. "We called them freedom fighters," he says.

The first battles of this war are likely to be fought on the diplomatic front.

"First, we need information and, therefore, international collaboration much broader than our normal alliance system," says Steinbruner. "We have to have Russia, China and India, at a minimum, involved, or our coalition is too narrow."

Steinbruner says the problem is that this would require the exchange of "intimate" information with nations perceived as hostile.

"If we try to wage this war without these other countries, we will be in trouble," he says, cautioning that unless the United States has proper intelligence, it runs the risk of taking action that hurts the fight against terrorism.

"The grave danger is that we do not eradicate the threat, but stimulate it by doing larger damage and getting ourselves painted as terrorists," he says.

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