Today in history: May 23

Almanac

May 23, 2001

In 1430, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English.

In 1533, the marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.

In 1701, Captain William Kidd was hanged in London after he was convicted of piracy and murder.

In 1788, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1915, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary in World War I.

In 1934, bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, La.

In 1937, industrialist John D. Rockefeller died in Ormond Beach, Fla.

In 1940, Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, the Pied Pipers and featured soloist Frank Sinatra recorded "I'll Never Smile Again" in New York for RCA.

In 1945, Nazi official Heinrich Himmler committed suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.

In 1960, Israel announced that it had captured former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann was tried in Israel, and after being found guilty of crimes against humanity, he was then hanged in 1962.

Associated Press

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