April 14, 2001

Robert Aurand Moon, 83,inventor of the ZIP code, died Wednesday at a nursing center at Leesburg, Fla., after a long illness. Moon started his postal career in the 1940s as a postal inspector in Philadelphia and Chicago. It was about that time that he began working on his idea for a Zoning Improvement Plan. ZIP code numbers first appeared in postal directories July 1, 1963.

Harvey R. Ball, 79,inventor of the Smiley Face, died Thursday after a short illness. Ball, who co-owned an advertising and public relations firm in Worcester, Mass., designed the Smiley Face in 1963 to boost the morale of workers in two recently merged insurance companies. He was paid $45 for his artwork by State Mutual Life Assurance Cos. of America - now Allamerica - in 1963, and never applied for a trademark or copyright. At its peak of popularity in 1971, more than 50 million Smiley Face buttons were sold. In 1999, the U.S. Postal Service issued a Smiley Face stamp.

Sid Newman, 81,who rekindled his acting career with appearances on "The Larry Sanders Show" and "Seinfeld," died Tuesday in Los Angeles. He was 81. Newman began a brief career in Hollywood, appearing in "Mickey McGuire" shorts and the 1944 musical "Meet Me in St. Louis." After that he spent much of his life operating a medical laboratory with his brother. He appeared as Gabe in the 1993 movie "The Beverly Hillbillies" and as Frank in the 1998 comedy "The Wedding Singer." Newman played Sid, a recurring character on the "The Larry Sanders Show," and appeared as an old man on "Seinfeld."

George P. Koshollek Jr., 75,photographer for a series in the Milwaukee Journal that won a Pulitzer Prize in 1967, died Wednesday of colon and liver cancer. "The Spreading Menace" series focusing on water pollution in Wisconsin won the prize for meritorious service.

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