Frank E. Toscani, 89, who as the American military governor of a small Sicilian town during World War II replaced a cherished 700-year-old bell that Mussolini had had melted for munitions, died Wednesday at a hospital in Nyack, N.Y. He lived in Pearl River, N.Y. The town, Licata, became Adano in John Hersey's novel "A Bell for Adano," which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1945. The story's hero, Major Joppolo, was modeled on Mr. Toscani, who was a major when Mr. Hersey, a reporter for Time magazine, spent several days visiting him. Mr. Toscani received a number of military honors, including the Bronze Star and Legion of Merit; the rank of Officer of the Order of the British Empire; and the rank of commander from the Crown of Italy.
Leigh Green, 47, who covered wars and politics on four continents for NBC and CNN, died Friday of cancer. Mr. Green, who reported from 25 countries in Europe and Central America, learned he had incurable cancer about a year ago. In September, he was host of "Final Choices," a Georgia Public Television series about preparing for death.
Anne Ball, 52, a retailing executive with some of the country's most elite clothing stores, died Jan. 19. Mrs. Ball held merchandising or consulting positions at Neiman Marcus, Barney's New York and Saks Fifth Avenue. She recently oversaw the expansion of Seibu, a Japanese department store.
Charles Merieux, 94, a French scientist who founded one of the world's leading vaccine laboratories, died Jan. 18. During World War II, Mr. Merieux expanded operations at the Pasteur Institute to produce serum to give to children with malnutrition. In 1947, he helped found the French Institute of Foot-and-Mouth Disease. While at the institute, he used in vitro cultivation to produce millions of doses of vaccines. The organization was later renamed the Merieux Institute.
Lloyd Schwan, 45, a furniture and interior designer, died Jan. 19 at his home in Kutztown, Pa. Mr. Schwan thrived as an innovative American designer at a time when Italians dominated the trade. In 1996, he and Lyn Godley, his wife at the time, designed the Crinkle Lamp, a steel lamp with a crushed vinyl shade. The lamp is part of the design collection of the Museum of Modern Art.
Leo Marks, 80, a cryptographer who used silk squares printed with rows of numbers to transmit codes to British agents in World War II, died Jan. 15 in London. In his work, he was acutely aware that agents were being tortured and killed, and those memories were recorded in a book, "Between Silk and Cyanide," published in 1999. The title derived from his campaign to introduce codes printed on silk squares that could be destroyed - a far safer method than the unreliable, easy-to-crack poem codes then in common use. Mr. Marks worked out a system in which rows of unique codes were printed on squares of silk, which were easy to hide and could be destroyed as each row of numbers was used. The long sequences of figures could not be tortured out of agents.
Bob Braun, 71, a character actor in films and television, died Jan. 15 of complications of cancer and Parkinson's disease in his suburban Cincinnati home. He appeared in such movies as "Die Hard II" and "Defending Your Life."
Robert Schlichtemeier, 85, who helped Howard Hughes design World War II aircraft, including the P-38 Lightning fighter, died Jan. 19 in Omaha, Neb. He had Alzheimer's disease.
Charles H. Maguire, 73, a Hollywood film executive who rose from working as a prop man to producing movies such as "Dead Again" and "Patriot Games," died Jan. 22 in Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Jack McDuff, 74, a jazz organist who worked with some of the most famous names in jazz music, including George Benson and Andrew Beals, during a career that began in the 1950s, died Tuesday in Minneapolis of a heart attack.
Frank Parker, 81, a rhythm and blues drummer who turned to traditional New Orleans jazz and toured widely with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band and the musical show "One Mo' Time," died Tuesday of complications of a stroke.