Ahmad Shamlou, 75, one of Iran's finest poets, who fell foul of the shah and grew disillusioned with the Islamic Revolution which overthrew him, died yesterday in Tehran after a long battle with diabetes.
A major force in the secular intellectual movement opposed to the shah before the 1979 revolution, Mr. Shamlou developed a free-flowing poetic style at odds with the tightly-balanced rhymes of classical Persian poetry.
His books were banned for long periods before and after the 1979 revolution, although since the early 1990s his poems have appeared in literary magazines.
Claude Sautet, 76, French film director who made some 30 movies and became known as a chronicler of the mores of the French bourgeoisie, died of cancer Saturday in Paris.
Mr. Sautet began making films in 1951, but his breakthrough movie was in 1969, with "Les Choses de la vie" ("The Things of Life"), a story about a middle class man who has a car accident and begins to re-examine his life. The movie marked Mr. Sautet's first of several attempts to examine the fate of individual people, their friendships, fights, loves, money problems and lost dreams.
He directed French film stars such as Yves Montand, Romy Schneider and Michel Piccoli. He won numerous French film honors, including the Cesar, one of the country's top film prizes.
Marc Reisner, 51, an environmental writer whose book "Cadillac Desert" triggered a campaign to protect water resources, died Friday of cancer at his home in Marin County, Calif.
"Cadillac Desert," an angry indictment of the misuse of water in the West, detailed the damage caused by extensive dam-building, water subsidies and the waste of water resources.
Written in 1986, the book was ranked by the Modern Library last year as 61st among the 100 most notable nonfiction English language works published in the 20th century. "Cadillac Desert" was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1986.