The report also includes detailed information about a number of incidents in which China could have obtained sensitive weapons information, as well as some of the ways the espionage could have taken place.
A Chinese scientist working at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, on Long Island, N.Y., was able to send dozens of long, technical faxes to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, enabling the Chinese research center to duplicate Brookhaven experiments as they were being conducted.
China might be using its exchanges with American scientists for espionage. Chinese intelligence officials have also arranged the visits of American scientists to China to "enable Chinese experts to assess and develop these contacts," according to the report.
Thirty-seven Chinese intelligence officers visited or were assigned to the labs and other Energy Department facilities over the past five years.
The report also focuses on security breaches at the labs involving other countries, citing numerous incidents.
For example, Russian intelligence has intercepted communications from Los Alamos concerning nuclear power plants used for military purposes. In addition, the report says that an unknown person sent 38 faxes to India from inside a sensitive area of the Oak Ridge Laboratory, in Tennessee, during a 30-day period in 1995 and 1996.
The report grew out of a comprehensive counterintelligence review prompted by an espionage investigation that came to focus on Lee in 1996.
Pub Date: 5/02/99